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What is R&D Activities

Handbook of Research on Driving Competitive Advantage through Sustainable, Lean, and Disruptive Innovation
It comprises creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the knowledge to develop new or substantially improved products or processes. The design, construction and the prototype tests are often the most important phase of R&D activities. It also includes software development, since this involves a technological or scientific advance.
Published in Chapter:
Challenges for Innovation Due to Firm Size: The Case of Brazilian Industrial Firms
Graziela Ferrero Zucoloto (Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada, Brazil) and Mauro Oddo Nogueira (Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada, Brazil)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0135-0.ch015
This chapter analyses the innovative capacity of small firms compared to medium and large firms in Brazilian industry. It presents the Schumpterian debate regarding the role of small and large firms as inductors of innovation, including a brief discussion about the barriers and opportunities for innovation faced by small businesses, particularly in developing countries. The empirical analysis is based on the Brazilian Innovation Survey, which is used to compare the innovative efforts undertaken by small, medium and large enterprises. Its main findings are that in Brazil, large companies predominate in the creation of new products and processes, while smaller perform more effort than those in innovations associated with processes modernization. However, from the observation of the industry sectorial structure, it identifies that in high-tech sectors, Brazilian small companies outperform large in efforts in R&D.
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