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What is Smuggling

Paths to the Prevention and Detection of Human Trafficking
The method by which people are transferred across borders illegally with the purpose of gaining material benefits (UN, 2000b).
Published in Chapter:
Civil Society Engagement and Prevention of Human Trafficking
Saadet Ulasoglu Imamoglu (Kirklareli University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2022 |Pages: 21
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-3926-5.ch008
The issue of human trafficking has received a substantial amount of attention in recent years. Growing global concern around this grave crime has led the international community to develop a comprehensive framework for the global fight against it. One important aspect of this framework is to prevent trafficking from occurring and thus save the vulnerable from being exploited. To this end, it is essential to identify conditions that promote the achievement of strong preventative strategies. While recent reports on anti-trafficking efforts of countries have stressed the significant role of civil society in assisting governments to prevent human trafficking, the number of quantitative studies that examine this relationship has remained limited. To fill this gap, this chapter investigates empirically whether civil society participation reinforces governments' efforts to prevent trafficking. Based on the data for 165 countries over the period from 2003 to 2015, this chapter presents evidence that countries with strong civil society engagement take effective measures to prevent trafficking.
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More Results
Adopting the Internet and New Geographies for Trafficking in Persons: Its Ethical Implications
According to the UN Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, “Smuggling of migrants” means the procurement, in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, a financial or other material benefit, of the illegal entry of a person into a State Party of which the person is not a national or a permanent resident. An individual may voluntarily engage the services of a smuggler, but increasingly be drawn into a web of exploitative relationships in order to pay off the debts they incurred in the process. If the individual falls into a situation of debt bondage, it can become a case of human trafficking.
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Forced Migrations and the Risk of Human Trafficking
Criminal activity which involves providing services of illegal transportation over the national borders and/or creating false documents, for financial price.
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