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What is Clinical Trial

Handbook of Research on Technoethics
a prospective biomedical or behavioral research study of human subjects that is designed to answer specific questions about biomedical or behavioral interventions (drugs, treatments, devices, or new ways of using known drugs, treatments, or devices). Clinical trials are used to determine whether new biomedical or behavioral interventions are safe, efficacious, and effective.
Published in Chapter:
Ethics Review on Externally- Sponsored Research in Developing Countries
Alireza Bagheri (University of Toronto, Canada)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-022-6.ch008
This chapter elaborates on some of the existing concerns and ethical issues that may arise when biomedical research protocols are proposed or funded by research institutes (private or public) in developed countries but human subjects are recruited from resource-poor countries. Over the last two decades, clinical research conducted by sponsors and researchers from developed countries to be carried out in developing countries has increased dramatically. The article examines the situations in which vulnerable populations in developing countries are likely to be exploited and/or there is no guarantee of any benefit from the research product, if proven successful, to the local community. By examining the structure and functions of ethics committees in developing countries, the article focuses on the issues which a local ethics committee should take into account when reviewing externally-sponsored research. In conclusion, by emphasizing capacity building for local research ethics committees, the article suggests that assigning the national ethics committee (if one exists) or an ethics committee specifically charged with the task of reviewing externally-sponsored proposals would bring better results in protecting human subjects as well as ensuring benefit-sharing with the local community.
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Data Security in Clinical Trials Using Blockchain Technology
A research study performed in people that are aimed at evaluating a medical, surgical, or behavioral intervention.
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Evolution of Digital Technologies and Use of Virtual Assistants in Drug Development
It is a scientific study where new investigational medicinal product is tested on human beings for efficacy and safety. Only products passing clinical trials can be launched to the market for use by wider patient population.
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The Design and Evaluation of an Intelligent Pain Management System (IPMS) in Cancer Patient Care
Clinical trials are experiments conducted in clinical research and practice to discover the effect of particular treatments or interventions. Clinical trials are usually conducted with at least an intervention group and a control group, in order to identify the true effect without interference from uncontrolled variables.
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Improving Clinical Trial Diversity: The Impending Role of Technology-Oriented Strategies Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic
A research study designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of interventional devices or medications on health outcomes (National Institutes of Health [NIH], n.d.).
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Application of Technology in Healthcare: Tackling COVID-19 Challenge – The Integration of Blockchain and Internet of Things
A research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biomedical or behavioral outcomes.
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Protocol Development in Clinical Trials for Healthcare Management
This research is experiments carried out in human, observations are recorded to determine the safety and efficacy of the therapy.
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Using Digital Technology to Enhance Medical Education and Improve the Quality of Patient Care in a Changing Global Healthcare System
A descriptive term used by medical researchers to determine the effectiveness of a therapeutic agent under controlled conditions with the consent of human subjects (, 2022).
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A Concrete Way to Develop Clinical Research in a Fair Way to the Users/Patients Using Blockchain Technology
Set of studies focusing the demonstration of safety and efficiency (without relevant side effects) of a particular medication and/or medical device, being an obligatory requirement before accessing the market.
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