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What is Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL)

Encyclopedia of Distance Learning, Second Edition
Learning facilitated through collaboration with fellow students (and tutors), supported by ICT networks.
Published in Chapter:
From R&D Project to Virtual Universities
Harald Haugen (Stord/Haugesund University College, Norway) and Bodil Ask (Agder University College, Norway and United Nation University, Japan)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 8
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-198-8.ch146
Four Norwegian higher educational institutions—the University Colleges at Agder, Stord/Haugesund, and Sør-Trøndelag, and the University in Trondheim (NTNU)—had all participated in a European collaborative project on open learning, that is, JITOL (Just- In-Time Open Learning, 1992-1994) under the Delta program of the European Community. Building on experiences from this and other related projects, representatives from the four institutions decided to propose a national experiment along the same principles. Support was granted from a governmental agency, SOFF, and NITOL (Norway-net with IT for Open Learning) was established in April 1994. NITOL was in the beginning an open learning project for the training of students, teachers, IT professionals, and others. Research and development activities, particularly focusing on distribution of courses and learning material, required some “guinea pigs” to gain experience in the field. The project group therefore invited a group of around 30 students to participate in the experiment—and found that there was possibly a large potential for business, expanding the experimental group and perhaps demanding student fees for participation and examination.
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The LAFEC Experience for Language Skills Acquisition
Learning based on collaborative methods (e.g., peer learning, discussion, case study, project-based learning, etc.) supported by information and communications technology (ICT).
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A Classification of Approaches to Web-Enhanced Learning
Collaborative learning that occurs via the medium of computer-based communication networks such as the Internet.
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Multimodal Learning Analytics for Educational Digital Storytelling: A Proposition for Evaluation Methods and Techniques
The field concerned with how information and communication technology (ICT) might support learning in groups (co-located and distributed).
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E-Collaborative Learning (e-CL)
The communicative shared-knowledge building process with shared-knowledge building goals supported by a computer network.
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Workflow Systems in E-Learning Environments
Collaborative work involves the mutual engagement of participants in a coordinated effort to solve the problem together. The technological support to this kind of activities is called Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (Dillenbourg et al., 1996).
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ICT Exacerbates the Human Side of the Digital Divide
An emerging and important educational research paradigm that focuses on socially-oriented theories of learning using computer technologies to support collaborative methods of instruction.
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Collaborative Writing in E-Learning Environments
Technological support to supply collaborative learning.
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Communities in Technology-Enhanced Environments for Learning
The wide term combines both pedagogical and technological aspects. In CSCL, collaborative learning is supported by the use of different technological tools, from basic e-mail systems to more complex three-dimensional virtual learning environments. The term relies on various socially oriented theories of learning and has been applied from the primary school level to higher education context within various domains.
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A Proposed Tool for Mobile Collaborative Reading
The study of users collaborating in a computerized environment on learning tasks.
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Virtual Communities of Inquiry
It is a widely being used term for the plenary of (distance) e-Education procedures, where learning can be based on the pedagogical principles of collaboration, the use of computers and the Internet by each team. This effort can be accomplished by enhancing social interaction, sharing, and constructing a contemporary “knowledge domain” among participants.
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