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What is Criminality

Handbook of Research on Transitional Justice and Peace Building in Turbulent Regions
Like terrorists, criminals use violence as a means to attaining a specific end. However, while the violent act might be similar –kidnapping, shooting, arson, for example –the purpose or motivation is not. Whether the criminal employs violence as a means to obtain money, to acquire material goods, or to kill or injure a specific victim for pay, he is acting primarily for selfish personal motivation (usually material gain). (Hoffman, 1998 AU47: The in-text citation "Hoffman, 1998" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. )
Published in Chapter:
Criminal Interests within Political Insurgencies: The Case for Development-Centred Counterinsurgency
Oscar Palma (Universidad del Rosario, Colombia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9675-4.ch021
Abstract
Insurgencies are progressive and systematic insurrections with political aims. They are usually aimed at the creation of a new state, the liberation of a nation from foreign intervention, the transformation of the political system, or the imposition of a certain way of life. Whereas this political character sets them apart from common criminals, whose main objective is personal profit; in practice, most insurgencies are a combination of criminal and political interests. Solutions that address political grievances or criminal motivations separately, leaving one of them aside, are highly likely to fail, perpetuating violence. Development-centred counterinsurgency seems to be an ideal framework to confront this type of insurgencies. The case of Colombia is examined to observe achievements, failures and challenges.
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