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What is Developing Countries

Handbook of Research on ICTs for Human-Centered Healthcare and Social Care Services
These are the nations that have low living standards, undeveloped industrial base, and low Human Development Index (HDI).
Published in Chapter:
Cyber Capability Framework: A Tool to Evaluate ICT for Development Projects
Shib Shankar Dasgupta (Greeneworks.org, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-3986-7.ch021
Abstract
This chapter discusses a new theoretical framework, the Cyber Capability Framework, to broaden discussions on ICT for development projects in developing countries from simple growth and access through information infrastructure to an understanding of the complexities involved in the social developments of ordinary citizens. The six dimensions of the Framework, namely, information, technology, process, vision, skills, and management dimension, help in locating the ICT for development projects within the political, economic, and social contexts in particular developing countries.
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Career Re-Invention Through Entrepreneurial Mindset and Entrepreneurial Orientation in the Post-Pandemic Era: Multiple Cases from the Developed and Developing Countries
This refers to the low-income and import-dependent nations in Eastern Europe, Latin America, Africa, and Asia that accept the rules, norms and standards with regards workplaces, businesses and global economic practices.
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The Discourse of Blue Economy Definitions, Measurements, and Theories: Implications for Strengthening Academic Research and Industry Practice
These are low-income countries with high reliance on natural resources, a weak industrial base, poor infrastructural facilities, a lack of an enabling environment for businesses and a low human capital index, including weak governmental institutions.
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An Empirical Review of Long Term Electricity Demand Forecasts for Turkey
Countries where markets haven’t reached a saturation and still lacks infrastructure investments.
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Community Science and Technology and Its Meaning to Potential Requirement
It is the countries which are economically and socially trying towards betterment by economic and social maintenances and proper policy implementation.
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Open Source Software: A Developing Country View
Developing countries are those that have an annual per capita income (Gross National Income [GNI]) between US$875 and US$10,725.
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Re-Thinking the Role of Institutions in Neoliberalism From New Institutional Economics Perspective
The countries that have low levels of industrialization, income per capita and standards of living are known as Developing Countries.
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Convergence Aspect of Capital Formation: A Study on Major Countries
A developing country, also called an emerging or transitional economy, is a nation with an underdeveloped industrial base, and low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries and poor quality of governance. According to the UN, a developing country is a country with a relatively low standard of living, undeveloped industrial base, and moderate to low Human Development Index (HDI).
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A Guideline to Develop a Game Platform to Collect Energy Consumption Data From Residences in Developing Countries
Developing countries are, in general, countries that have not achieved a significant degree of industrialization relative to their populations, and have, in most cases, a medium to low standard of living.
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Potentials of Frugal Innovation to Combine the Social and Economic Objectives in the Marketing of Social Enterprises: The Case of EinDollarBrille e.V.
Developing countries show, among other things, a significantly lower per capita national product, low labor productivity, a high illiteracy rate, and a high share of agricultural employment compared to industrialized countries.
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Urbanization and Ownership of Polluting Vehicles: A Study From Urban India
A developing country also called a less developed economy or underdeveloped country is a nation with an underdeveloped industrial base, and a low human development index (HDI) relative to other countries.
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Internationalization, Financial Performance, and Organizational Challenges: A Success Case in Portugal
Nations with a lower standard of living, underdeveloped industrial base, and low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
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How Do Financial Constraints and Financial Crises Matter in Cash Management?: Evidence From Developing Asian Economies
Developing countries are countries with lower developed industrial base and Human Development Index compared to other countries.
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How Mobile Technologies Are Leading to Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
Are often referred to as underdeveloped countries and they refer to countries where there is a less developed industrial base and they have a low Human Development Index (HDI). Developing countries differentiate from developed countries in that the people have a lower life expectancy, lower standard of education and the people of developing countries have a lower income and thus less money.
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Information Society, Digital Divide, and E-Governance in Developing Countries
Also called a less-developed country, also known as “LDC,” is a nation with a lower living standard, underdeveloped industrial base, and low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries. There is no universal, agreed-upon criterion for what makes a country developing versus developed and which countries fit these two categories, although there is general reference points such as a nation's GDP per capita compared to other nations. Also, the general term less-developed country should not be confused with the specific least developed country.
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Sustainable Supply Chains for Circular Economy in the Health Sector: Challenges and Opportunities Post Pandemic
Also known as less developed countries or emerging markets. Developing countries Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Gross National Income (GNI) per capital income, literacy rate, level of technological development, industrialisation, infrastructure development and telecommunication connectivity besides other factors are lower than developed countries.
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Internationalization and Financial Performance: A success case in Portugal
Nations with a lower standard of living, underdeveloped industrial base, and low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.
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Faculty Using E-Journals in Developing Countries: Issues and Challenges
Sovereign states that are not yet highly industrialized relative to the industrialized ones and have low human development index.
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E-Government for Transparency, Anti-Corruption, and Accountability: Challenges and Opportunities for Central American Countries
The term used to describe countries that don´t have a strong emergent of industrialization, infrastructure, and sophisticated technology, but are beginning to build it.
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The Social Impact of Artificial Intelligence
They are countries, some of them have the resources and some other lack to the resources, but they share facing great difficulties and obstacles to develop these resources.
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Emerging Roles of Libraries and Librarians During and Post COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges and Opportunities
Countries with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries. In this study the developing country is Kenya and Morocco.
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Influence of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) on the Digital Economy
Countries that have less advanced economy, technologies, industries, and human development index or underdeveloped.
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The Challenges of Inclusive Education in Developing Countries in South East Asia
A developing country is seen as a poor country that is seeking to become more advanced economically.
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Mobile Technologies Impact on Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
Often referred to as underdeveloped countries and they refer to countries where there is a less developed industrial base and they have a low Human Development Index (HDI). Developing countries differentiate from developed countries in that the people have a lower life expectancy, lower standard of education and the people of developing countries have a lower income and thus less money.
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Convergence Analysis of Households' Consumption Expenditure: A Cross Country Study
A developing country, also called a lower developed country with middle and low income base, is a nation with an underdeveloped industrial base, and low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries. On the other hand, since the late 1990s developing countries tended to demonstrate higher growth rates than the developed ones. According to the UN, a developing country is a country with a relatively low standard of living, undeveloped industrial base, and moderate to low Human Development Index (HDI). A list of countries out of the developing club are presently chasing the GDP of the top developed country, although are lacking in terms of other social and political factors.
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The Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in Promoting Lifelong Learning in Botswana
Countries with relatively low infrastructural and technological development. These countries are usually found in the Global South.
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Interactive Multimedia Technologies for Distance Education in Developing Countries
Developing countries are those countries in which the average annual income is low, most of the population is usually engaged in agriculture, and the majority live near the subsistence level. In general, developing countries are not highly industrialized, dependent on foreign capital and development aid, whose economies are mostly dependent on agriculture and primary resources, and do not have a strong industrial base. These countries generally have a gross national product below $1,890 per capita (as defined by the World Bank in 1986).
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Diffusion of Innovation and Capability Theory in the Context of E-Government
A developing country is a country which is not industrially developed and has less economic capacity, per capita income, and lower and inconsistent human development index (HDI).
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Quality Is a Difference Maker
These are countries with less developed industrial base, low income levels and poor infrastructure.
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Overlooking Organizational Culture: Problems in Analyzing the Success and Failures of E-government in Developing Countries
Countries that have not achieved a significant degree of industrialization relative to their population; often with low to middle standard of living.
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Bridging the Digital Divide and Technology Professional Development During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Developing Countries: Findings From a Multi-Country Study
Countries that are behind economically, socially in comparison to other nations in the world and striving to become advanced in these aspects to address the 21st-century challenges they are facing.
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Critical Infrastructure Protection in Developing Countries
A developing country, also called a third world country, a less developed country or underdeveloped country, is a nation with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries. However, since the late 1990s developing countries tended to demonstrate higher growth rates than the developed ones. There are no universally agreed-upon criteria for what makes a country developing versus developed and which countries fit these two categories,[3] although there are general reference points such as a nation's GDP per capita compared to other nations. Also, the general term less-developed country should not be confused with the specific least developed country.
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Globalization and Economy: Growth, Development, and Financial System
Are countries with economies in the process of development, with a past of “underdevelopment” or transition from totalitarian regime, they have a better situation that other countries.
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IT Governance in the Public Sector in a Developing Country
A broad range of countries that generally lack a high degree of industrialization, infrastructure, and other capital investment, sophisticated technology, widespread literacy, and advanced living standards among their populations as a whole.
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ICT Policies in Developing Countries: Objectives, Issues and Influencing Factors
Countries with low income per capita of population, that are trying to improve their conditions through industrialization.
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Employing Active Learning and the Flipped Classroom Model in Developing Countries: Opportunities and Challenges
A group of countries, spread around the world, characterized by low level of economic and social comparison with developed countries.
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Effects of Quality Education on Sustainability in Developing Countries
Either developing to become developed countries in near future, or developing countries with rich financial resource, or developing countries with poor financial resources.
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Are There Really Differences Between Social and Commercial Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries?: An Institutional Approach
A nation with a lower living standard and low Human Development Index, relative to other countries. There is a general reference point, such as a nation's GDP per capita, compared to other nations.
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Problem of Financing Women Entrepreneurs: Experience of Women Entrepreneurs in Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina
Developing countries are countries with low or medium human development index (HDI), low living standards, low per capita income, widespread poverty, and have underdeveloped industry and outdated infrastructure and are facing long periods of recession.
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Sustainable Development and Climate Change Mitigation
A developing country—also called a less developed country or emerging market—has a lower gross domestic product (GDP) than developed countries, with a less mature and sophisticated economy.
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Training in UDL for Teacher Educators in Developing Countries
Countries that are seeking to be economically and socially more advanced e.g., India, Bhutan, Tanzania, Nigeria.
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Dynamics of Public Expenditure on Defense and Economic Growth Pattern in Developed and Developing Countries
Developing country refers a nation with a less developed industrial base and a sovereign state with less human development indicators (HDI) than other developed countries. Per capita income or gross domestic product (GDP) is also includes in defining a developing country. Developing countries are those countries in which the average annual income is low; most of the population is usually engaged in agriculture, and the majority live near the subsistence level. In general, developing countries are not highly industrialized, dependent on foreign capital and development aid, mostly dependent on agriculture and primary resources, and do not have a strong industrial base.
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An Appraisal of a Computer-Based Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Course for Nigerian English Teachers and Teacher-trainers
is a term that is often used to refer to most countries in Africa and Asia that are still grappling with the challenges of modernisation. Such countries often exhibit low standards of democratic government, civil service, industrialisation and systems of law and order. Developing countries often score low on statistical indexes such as income per capita, gross domestic product (GDP), life expectancy and literacy rate.
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Distance Education in Small Island Nations
Those countries that are in the process of becoming industrialized but have constrained resources with which to combat their economical problems.
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Convergence and Equality of Road Infrastructure: A Cross Country Analysis
A developing country, also called an emerging or transitional economy with middle and low income base, is a nation with an underdeveloped industrial base, and low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries. On the other hand, since the late 1990s developing countries tended to demonstrate higher growth rates than the developed ones along with other sectors of social developments. According to the UN, a developing country is a country with a relatively low standard of living, undeveloped industrial base, and moderate to low Human Development Index Employment share in agriculture sector is very high, it could be 60 to 70 percent whereas it becomes 5 to 7 percent in developed nations.
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Using Social Media for Dynamic Information Dissemination in the 21st Century
Developing countries are those that have not yet attained a substantial level of industrialization concerning their populations and having a low standard of living.
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The Economic Component of World Politics and the Main Global Social and Economic Problems
A category used by the World Bank to identify low-income Global South countries with a 2009 GNI per capita below $935 and middle-income countries with a GNI per capita of more than $935 but less than $11,456.
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Networks of Action for Anti Retroviral Treatment
Countries generally found in the southern hemisphere and characterized by low levels of human development.
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Managing E-Commerce Adoption Challenges for SMEs in Developing Countries
Developing countries are those countries with a Gross National Income (GNI) per capita per year of US $ 11,905 and less. Based on this criterion, the International Statistical Institute has listed 137 countries in the developing countries chart that is valid till 31 st December 2015.
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Cloud-Based Social Media as LMS: A Fit for STEM in Developing and Newly Developed Economies
Nations with a lower standard of living, less developed industrialized base, and low human development index.
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The Increased Need for Cybersecurity in Developing Countries: COVID-19 and the Adverse Cybercrime Risks Imposed
Sovereign states with less developed industrial base and low human development index relative to other countries.
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The Free Market Economy as the Main Guarantee of the State's Socio-Economic Development and Promoting International Cooperation
A category used by the World Bank to identify low-income Global South countries with a 2009 GNI per capita below $935 and middle-income countries with a GNI per capita of more than $935 but less than $11,456.
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