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What is Digital Evidence

Confluence of AI, Machine, and Deep Learning in Cyber Forensics
Digital evidence is any significant information stored or transmitted in digital form that a party to a court case may use at trial.
Published in Chapter:
A Comprehensive Perspective on Mobile Forensics: Process, Tools, and Future Trends
Aju D. (Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India), Anil Kumar Kakelli (Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India), Ashwin Suresh Varma (Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India), and Kishore Rajendiran (Sri Sivasubramaniya Nadar College of Engineering, India)
Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 28
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4900-1.ch001
The modern-day smartphones are the result of the technological progression that is happening in this digital world. This technological advancement has brought an incremental augmentation where these were not perceived as critical by the smartphone users. Also, the computational capability and networking competence has been dragooned constantly to maintain the momentum with the ever-expanding workload demands. This scenario has endorsed the smart gadgets such as smartphones and tablets to accomplish the growing complex challenges. In this digital era, the next generation users are substituting the conventional way of preference such as the personal computers and laptops with smartphone for the social connectedness, e-commerce, financial transaction, market updates, latest news, or even editing images. Users willingly install various mobile apps on to their smartphone and consequently providing their valuable and sensitive personal information to their service providers without thinking and knowing the security lapses and repercussions. Considering the fact, the smartphones' size and its portability, these devices are much more susceptible of being stolen, becoming jeopardized, or being exploited for various cyber-attacks and other malevolent activities. Essentially, the hackers look forward to the new mobile vulnerabilities so that they exploit the revealed vulnerability once a newer edition of the respective mobile operating system is released. In view of the fact that the smartphones are too vulnerable to various exploits, the necessity for a digital investigation entrained to establish a separate domain named mobile forensics. This established forensic domain is specialized in acquiring, extracting, analyzing, and reporting the evidence that is obtained from the smartphone devices so that the exploiting artifacts and its respective actions are determined and located. This chapter puts forward the various processes involved with the mobile forensics that can be employed for examining the evidences of various cyber incidents. Furthermore, it discusses the various vulnerabilities with the iOS and Android mobile operating systems and how they are being exploited in detail. The chapter also discusses the various approaches of data extraction and the respective industry standard for the tools that are being utilized for the same.
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Applications of Machine Learning in Cyber Forensics
Information or data stored on devices or transmitted during the crime and acquired when electronic devices are detained and protected for investigation.
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To Monitor and Detect Suspicious Transactions in a Financial Transaction System Through Database Forensic Audit and Rule-Based Outlier Detection Model
Digital evidence is any digital information which is received from computers, audio files, video recordings, digital images etc. The evidence obtained is essential in computer and cyber crimes. The digital evidences such as word processing documents, spreadsheets, internet browser histories, databases, the contents of computer memory and computer backup can be produced in Court of law. The authentic digital evidences are accepted for the cybercrime case.
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Security, Trust, and Privacy on Mobile Devices and Multimedia Applications
The term digital evidence encompasses any and all digital data that can establish that a crime has been committed or can provide a link between a crime and its victim or a crime and its perpetrator (Casey, 2004 AU42: The in-text citation "Casey, 2004" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. ).
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Cyberbullying in the Workplace
Information that is stored and transmitted on digital devices.
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Digital Evidence Collection and Preservation in Computer Network Forensics
Information stored or transmitted in binary form that may be relied upon in court. It can be found on computer systems, networks, or digital devices and can be either volatile or persistent.
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Cyber Forensics Evolution and Its Goals
Digital evidence is defined as information and data of value to an investigation that is stored on, received, or transmitted by an electronic device.
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On Creating Digital Evidence in IP Networks With NetTrack
Information of probative value that is stored or transmitted in binary form.
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