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What is Startup Concentrations

Applied Econometric Analysis: Emerging Research and Opportunities
It is a very young company founded by one or more entrepreneurs to develop a unique product or service that is introduced to the market. Its initial funding is usually from its own finances or from families and friends.
Published in Chapter:
Does Regional Variation in Startup Concentration Predict Employment Growth in Rural Areas of Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia?
Yaya Sissoko (Indiana University of Pennsylvania, USA) and Brian W. Sloboda (University of Maryland Global Campus, USA)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 29
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1093-3.ch010
Measures of entrepreneurship, such as average establishment size and the prevalence of start-ups, correlate strongly with employment growth across and within urban areas. Is it possible for entrepreneurship to occur outside of urban areas and be active in rural areas such as Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia? There are causal links of entrepreneurial finance to industry or city growth but little link of the evidence of entrepreneurship outside of urban areas overall. This chapter examines the regional variation in startup concentration used to predict employment in the rural areas of Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia by metropolitan statistical area (MSA)/micropolitan areas for the year 2017. The authors find significant differences in new firm formation rates from industrial regions to technologically progressive regions using the generalized linear models (GLM). Variations in firm birth rates are explained by industrial size, population growth, the number of startups, human capital variables, and establishments.
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