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What is Down Syndrome

Handbook of Research on Human Cognition and Assistive Technology: Design, Accessibility and Transdisciplinary Perspectives
A chromosome disorder due to an extra chromosome number 21 (trisomy 21). Down syndrome causes mental retardation, and multiple facial and physical malformations.
Published in Chapter:
Supporting Early Childhood Outcomes through Assistive Technology
Diane Plunkett (University of Kansas, USA), Rashida Banerjee (University of Northern Colorado, USA), and Eva Horn (University of Kansas, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-817-3.ch024
Assistive technology (AT) makes it possible for young children with disabilities to learn, play, and build relationships. By improving their mobility, communication, and access to their environment, AT allows children with disabilities more freedom and independence. The purpose of this chapter is to guide early childhood professionals with examples and recommendations for the integration of AT in natural environments to meet early childhood outcomes for children up to the age of five. This chapter is organized in three sections. Section 1 briefly discusses the legal background in early childhood services as it applies to AT. Section 2 describes the framework for meeting young children’s needs for AT within the context of early childhood outcomes. Section 3 presents the application of AT in meeting recommended family outcomes. The Additional Readings section to this chapter offers relevant articles and research reports in the area of early childhood and AT.
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More Results
Communication and Competence
Is a genetic disorder associated with physical growth delays, characteristic facial features and mild to moderate developmental and intellectual disability. It is caused by the presence of full or partial extra copy of chromosome 21.
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Automatic Computerized Diagnostic Tool for Down Syndrome Detection in Fetus
An inherited disorder caused due to chromosomal defect, resulting in brain impairment and physical abnormalities.
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A Software Testing Process Based in Gamification for Children With Down Syndrome
A chromosomal condition that is associated with intellectual disability, a characteristic facial appearance, and weak muscle tone (hypotonia) in infancy. All affected individuals experience cognitive delays, but the intellectual disability is usually mild to moderate.
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Intervention Services for a Child With Multiple Disabilities
A genetic chromosomal disorder where an individual has three copies of chromosome 21 and is known as Trisomy 21.
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Celiac Disease
a genetic disorder that results from the presence of all or part of the third copy of chromosome 21. It is usually connected to delays in growth and physical development, mild to moderate intellectual disability and characteristic facial features.
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