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What is Environmental Justice

Handbook of Research on Hydroinformatics: Technologies, Theories and Applications
A political and academic process whose objective is to understand and remove the inequitable environmental burdens borne by groups and economically disadvantaged areas, and to promote a fair access to natural resources and ecosystem services.
Published in Chapter:
Expanding the Hydroinformatics Agenda: Information and Inequality behind Water Problems
Antonio A. R. Ioris (University of Aberdeen, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-907-1.ch001
Hydroinformatics tools have increasingly offered a contribution towards the assessment of water management problems and the formulation of enhanced solutions. Nonetheless, the search for improved basis of water management requires not only a combination of technical and managerial responses, but also a firm action against socioeconomic injustices and political inequalities. This chapter problematises the role of hydroinformatics in situations of established inequalities and acute management distortions. A case study of the Baixada Fluminense, in the Metropolitan Area of Rio de Janeiro, illustrates the challenges to reverse unsustainable practices where water problems have been exploited by local and national politicians. Although the hydroinformatics community is certainly aware of the social dimension of water management, the aim is to further emphasise the centrality of issues of power and political disputes. The chapter concludes that the agenda of hydroinformatics needs to expand in order to combine state-of-the-art information technology with a critical understanding of how social and spatial differences affect the use and conservation of water systems.
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Environmental Crimes and Green Victimization
A concept that focuses on the fair treatment of all persons with respect to matters of the environment, including burdens and benefits.
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Ecotourism in Protected Areas: A Sustainable Development Framework
A theory that is used to explain the equitable and respectable treatment of all living and non-living things to include all human beings regardless of race, color, national origin, or income and the ecosystem.
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Teaching and Learning in the Age of Climate Change: Postcolonial Ecofeminism and the Rhetorics of Sustainability
Supports equal access to a safe, healthy, and sustainable environment and fights against marginalization and oppression.
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Evaluating Environmental Crimes Through the Prism of Criminological Theories
All people should be treated fairly and seek to address the discriminations regarding environmental hazards among the marginalized class.
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The Sustainable Development Goals From a Social Work Perspective in the COVID-19 Pandemic Period
It is a fair protection of all individuals from the consequences of environmental damage, regardless of race, ethnicity, culture, socio-economic level, and so on.
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Sustainable Communities vs. Climate Refugees: Two Opposite Results of Climate Change
It is a movement that draws attention to the injustice situation of people such as the poor, immigrants, and outcasts with living under unhealthy environmental conditions.
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Integrating Ecosystem Management and Environmental Media for Public Policy on Public Health and Safety
This connotes the extent of environmental injustice in the placement of “disamenities” (or environmental bads). It is widely accepted that disamenity placement –whether in land, air, or water-should not be affected by race or ethnicity. The ultimate goal of environmental policy is to improve society and policy makers should concern itself with justice irrespective of race or ethnicity.
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Alignment of Organizational Competence for Sustainability With Dimensions of the Triple Bottom Line
Balanced action between the social and environmental dimensions of sustainability, associated with intra and intergenerational equity, seeking to balance the advantages between present and future generation.
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A Systems Approach for Sustainably Reducing Childhood Diarrheal Deaths in Developing Countries
Requires that no one group should disproportionately bear the burden of adverse health outcomes from environmental hazards simply on the basis of ethnic and racial background, geography and income. Each cohort and/or people group must be fairly represented in all environmental related decision-making processes – so as to prevent environmental discrimination. Environmental discrimination occurs when certain communities, because of their minority or disadvantage status, bear a higher burden of risk from environmental hazards without enjoying the benefits that are easily accessible to other groups.
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Environmental Law and Green Constitutions
The equitable distribution of environmental burdens and benefits among those who inhabit the territory. According to Ezio Costa, this means that there can be no sacrifice zones that take away all the contamination for the benefit of others.
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