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What is Evolution

Handbook of Research on Discrete Event Simulation Environments: Technologies and Applications
attitude of systems to change layout/functionality.
Published in Chapter:
Trying Out Reflective Petri Nets on a Dynamic Workflow Case
Lorenzo Capra (Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy) and Walter Cazzola (Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-774-4.ch010
Industrial/business processes are an evident example of discrete-event systems which are subject to evolution during life-cycle. The design and management of dynamic workflows need adequate formal models and support tools to handle in sound way possible changes occurring during workflow operation. The known, well-established workflow’s models, among which Petri nets play a central role, are lacking in features for representing evolution. We propose a recent Petri net-based reflective layout, called Reflective Petri nets, as a formal model for dynamic workflows. A localized open problem is considered: how to determine what tasks should be redone and which ones do not when transferring a workflow instance from an old to a new template. The problem is efficiently but rather empirically addressed in a workflow management system. Our approach is formal, may be generalized, and is based on the preservation of classical Petri nets structural properties, which permit an efficient characterization of workflow’s soundness.
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Modeling Gene Regulatory Networks with Delayed Stochastic Dynamics
evolution is change in the inherited traits of a population of organisms from one generation to the next. These changes are caused by a combination of three main processes: variation, reproduction, and selection. Genes that are passed on to an organism’s offspring produce the inherited traits that are the basis of evolution. These traits vary within populations, with organisms showing heritable differences in their traits. When organisms reproduce, their offspring may have new or altered traits. These new traits arise in two main ways: either from mutations in genes, or from the transfer of genes between populations and between species. In species that reproduce sexually, new combinations of genes are also produced by genetic recombination, which can increase variation between organisms. Evolution occurs when these heritable differences become more common or rare in a population.
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Dramatic Premise and Human Purpose: Has First Cause Intention and Democratic Rule of Law Been Trumped?
In the context of this chapter, Darwinian evolution—in its normally misconceived form—is not the only alternative. All of the world’s great religions and Mystery Schools teach variants on Cosmic evolution. These variants can be seen in metaphors such as the Sun’s journey, the Journey of the Hero, the seed or DNA, the stages of human life from birth to death and beyond including uterine recapitulation, and Huxley’s Perennial Philosophy (2009) that extends evolution from sub-atomic to galactic dimensions. “Universalism” is the idea that all religions, underneath seeming differences, point to the same Truth. In the early 19th century the Transcendentalists propagated the idea of a metaphysical Truth and universalism, which inspired the Unitarians, who proselytized among Indian elites. Towards the end of the 19th century, the Theosophical Society further popularized universalism, not only in the western world, but also in western colonies. In the 20th century, universalism was further popularized through the Advaita. Vedanta inspired Traditionalist School, which argued for a metaphysical, single origin of the orthodox religions, and by Aldous Huxley and his book The Perennial Philosophy , which was inspired by neo-Vedanta and the Traditionalist School (Huxley, 2009).
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Evolutionary Computing to Examine Variation in Proteins with Evolution
Evolution is the alteration in the inherent characteristics of an individual with evolution for repeated generations. Therefore evolution leads to varied classification in the biological organization. This includes changes in species-level, organism-level as well as molecular level of evolution.
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Cellular Automata-Basics: Applications in Problem Solving
The process that declares the final outcome or configuration which is achieved integrating small local changes in the units of a system with the change in time. This phase can be stable, periodic or may end up in total chaotic situation.
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The Collective Unconscious and the Media Sphere: An Esoteric Analysis of the Disinformation Crisis Facing Western Civilisation
from Latin evolvere , “unrolling”, and later evolutio , in the sense of a fern frond, or a scroll being unrolled; the progressive emergence or unfolding of previously hidden possibilities. Evolution may occur on any level - physical, biological, sociocultural, mental, spiritual, or even Divine. Cosmologically, evolution means the development and complexification of the physical universe, including the development of more complex societies and social structures (Jantsch, 1980), and even the progression to an ultimate state of planetary divinisation (Aurobindo, 1970, 1977; Teilhard de Chardin, 1965).
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Evolution and Implementation of Inclusive Education in the Maldives: Hurdles and the Way Forward
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Dynamic Links and Evolutionary History in Simulated Gene Regulatory Networks
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Cell Division: The Cell Cycle, Mitosis, and Meiosis
The idea of change in the genetic composition over time.
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Evolution not Revolution in Next-Generation Wireless Telephony
The unfolding of a process of change in a certain direction; a process of continuous change from a lower, simpler, or worse to a higher, more complex, or better state; the process of working out or developing
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Reviewing the Literature
How living things change and develop over millions of years.
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An Introduction to Reflective Petri Nets
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Using Mobile Phones to Control Social Interactions
Changes occurring in the way that communication devices are used to control human social interactions across time: for example, new technologies provide affordances for new strategic uses and innovations in communication behaviour.
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