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What is Flexible Querying

Handbook of Research on Fuzzy Information Processing in Databases
Searching for data in a database is called querying. Modern database systems offer/provide a query language to support querying. Relational databases are usually queried using SQL (Structured Query Language). Regular database querying can be made more user friendly by applying techniques for self-correction of syntax and semantic errors, database navigation or “indirect” answers like summaries, conditional answers, and contextual background information for (empty) results. This is called flexible querying. A special subcategory of flexible querying techniques is based on the introduction of fuzzy preferences and/or fuzzy conditions in queries. This is sometimes called fuzzy querying.
Published in Chapter:
Flexible Querying Techniques Based on CBR
Guy De Tré (Ghent University, Belgium), Marysa Demoor (Ghent University, Belgium), Bert Callens (Ghent University, Belgium), and Lise Gosseye (Ghent University, Belgium)
Copyright: © 2008 |Pages: 24
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-853-6.ch007
In case-based reasoning (CBR), a new untreated case is compared to cases that have been treated earlier, after which data from the similar cases (if found) are used to predict the corresponding unknown data values for the new case. Because case comparisons will seldom result in an exact-similarity matching of cases and the conventional CBR approaches do not efficiently deal with such imperfections, more advanced approaches that adequately cope with these imperfections can help to enhance CBR. Moreover, CBR in its turn can be used to enhance flexible querying. In this chapter, we describe how fuzzy set theory can be used to model a gradation in similarity of the cases and how the inevitable uncertainty that occurs when predictions are made can be handled using possibility theory resulting in what we call flexible CBR. Furthermore, we present how and under which conditions flexible CBR can be used to enhance flexible querying of regular databases.
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More Results
Hierarchical Fuzzy Sets to Query Possibilistic Databases
Methods for querying a database that enhance standard querying expressiveness in various ways such as the expression of user’s preferences, query generalization, and so forth, in order to facilitate the extraction of relevant data.
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On the Versatility of Fuzzy Sets for Modeling Flexible Queries
Approach where users include preferences in their queries so as to get a result made of discriminated elements.
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