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What is Forced Migrations

Handbook of Research on the Regulation of the Modern Global Migration and Economic Crisis
Also called forced displacement; involuntary migration caused by fear for own life or the life of the family, mostly because of violence, armed conflicts, and wars at own country.
Published in Chapter:
Forced Migrations and the Risk of Human Trafficking
Milica Boskovic (Independent Researcher, Serbia) and Brankica Jankovic (Independent Researcher, Serbia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-6334-5.ch002
Abstract
For the last two decades, forced migrations become so massive that no one could deny the fact that millions of people left their homes, maybe forever, running away from wars, civil wars, violence, and/or political victimization. War and violence are for sure two of the most serious traumatic events, as they are long-termed, cause different kinds of injuries, fear, unsafety, and hopelessness – and this is the first stress migrants are faced with. By being concerned for their own or the lives of their families, many migrants agree to be smuggled. But smugglers offer inhumane and often intolerable conditions, placing more migrants in their vehicle or boat than it can receive, and this leads to many migrants' lives being lost. In situations of fear, hopelessness, and uncertainty, which migrants running away from, they are vulnerable to many risks, and one of them is human trafficking, which can occur during their trip, illegal migration, or even when they get the final destination. It is important to understand the difference between smuggling and human trafficking.
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