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What is Gender Division of Labor

Handbook of Research on New Dimensions of Gender Mainstreaming and Women Empowerment
Allocation of different roles, responsibilities and tasks to men and women based on societal expectations of what they should do and are capable of doing without taking into consideration individual preferences or capabilities.
Published in Chapter:
Conceptualizing Gender Mainstreaming and Women Empowerment in the 21st Century
Irene George (Emirates Institute of Banking and Financial Studies, UAE) and Moly Kuruvilla (Department of Women's Studies, University of Calicut, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2819-8.ch001
Gender mainstreaming is the globally accepted strategy for sustainable development. The concepts of women empowerment, gender mainstreaming, and sustainable development are illustrated in this chapter. Numerous strategies are proposed from different parts of the globe, but these strategies are contextual in the sense that those applicable and successful in one country may not prove to be effective in another country. Since gender operates in innumerable subtle ways and its implications vary with time and space, the gender mainstreaming strategies also would vary accordingly. Women do not represent a homogenous group, and hence, the question of intersectionality should be of prime importance while designing strategies for women empowerment. The inclusion of all genders including transgender and other sexual minorities also should be taken care of to ensure sustainable development. The new dimensions and the shift in focus required with regard to the existing strategies of women empowerment are discussed in the chapter.
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Gender Bias in School Education
Division of jobs and responsibilities based on gender without considering individual abilities or interests or aptitudes of men and women.
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