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What is Geologic Material

Handbook of Research on Trends and Digital Advances in Engineering Geology
Precise definitions of the two general constituents is rock and soil. Rock is a natural substance, a solid natural aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids. Soil is loose or broken rock material forming weathering of rock at the earth's surface. Engineering Soil is a mixture of minerals, gases and liquids. Precise definitions are applicable to all cases are difficult to establish because of the very significant transition zone in which rock is changing to soil or in which a soil formation has acquired rock-like properties, or various other conditions.
Published in Chapter:
Integration Between Urban Planning and Natural Hazards For Resilient City
Şule Tüdeş (Gazi University, Turkey), Kadriye Burcu Yavuz Kumlu (Gazi University, Turkey), and Sener Ceryan (Balikesir University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2709-1.ch017
Analyses and syntheses conducted before the urban planning process are significant. Accurate analysis and synthesis enable to determine proper site selection and the proper site selection is the basis of a sustainable urban plan. In this sense, fundamental analysis inputs of the proper site selection could be indicated as the related parameters of the earth sciences. The interpretation of these inputs require the essential analyses and syntheses of initially the geological and geotechnical research with geophysics, tectonic, topography, mineral and natural resources, hydrogeology, geomorphology and engineering geology. Synthesis maps composed of these inputs especially provide guides for natural thresholds consisting of landslide, flood, inundation, earthquake etc. for land use planning and site selection parts in the urban planning processes. In this regard, this chapter of the book contains the relation between the earth sciences parameters with the urban planning and the way these parameters lead the way of urban planning processes.
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