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What is Hepatitis E

Epidemiological Research Applications for Public Health Measurement and Intervention
Is a liver disease caused by infection with a virus known as hepatitis E virus (HEV) (WHOa, 2020).
Published in Chapter:
Hepatitis E: Overview and Management in Namibia
Daniel Opotamutale Ashipala (University of Namibia, Rundu, Namibia), Nestor Tomas (University of Namibia, Namibia), and Medusalem Hangula Joel (MoHSS, Intermediate Hospital, Rundu, Namibia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4414-3.ch009
Hepatitis E (HEV) remains one of the foremost public health problems globally and it is estimated to have affected one-third of the human population. Usually, symptoms appear 2 to 9 weeks after exposure to the virus and include fever, fatigue, lack of appetite, abdominal pain, and jaundice. While the government has a duty to provide access to clean water, communities, and individuals can equally play an important role in practicing and maintaining good physical and environmental hygiene. In Namibia, the spread of HEV has been a public health concern since it's outbreak in 2017. Before then, the country had two outbreaks in 1983 and 1995-1996 which affected mainly areas lacking potable water and waste disposal facilities in Kavango region. This chapter ought to provide an overview and different prevention measures and supportive management approaches used to contain and prevent the spread of HEV. The above statistic calls for plans and actions from national, regional, district management teams to implement effective active surveillance interventions in place that are geared towards curbing the spread of HEV.
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