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What is Heterosexism

Addressing Multicultural Needs in School Guidance and Counseling
Refers to an automatic assumption and belief that everyone is and should be heterosexual, and that other sexual orientations are unhealthy, unnatural, and a threat to the society.
Published in Chapter:
Homophobic Bullying in South African Schools: Theory Into Practice Solutions (TIPS)
Johannes Ntshilagane Mampane (University of South Africa, South Africa)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 22
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-0319-5.ch011
Abstract
Homophobic bullying in schools is a global phenomenon. However, on the African continent, the phenomenon is rife because homosexuality is regarded to be un-African and is often linked to Western culture and colonial influence. These misconceptions about homosexuality have resulted in a culture of homophobia being inculcated into major structures of the society including schools. In this regard, this chapter aims to explore and describe the problem of homophobic bullying in South African schools. Particular attention is paid to cases of school-based homophobic bullying as primary sources of data as well as secondary sources of data from extant literature, textbooks, and journals articles. The chapter employs the Epstein Theory of Overlapping Spheres of Influence to proffer practical solutions and recommendations to address the problem of homophobic bullying in South African schools. These are school-, family-, and community-based solutions and recommendations based on the principles of social justice, inclusion, diversity, and equality.
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LGBTQIA+ Students: Trauma and Education
Supported by heteronormative ideologies, heterosexism are the societal practices/activities (ex. law, policies, etc.) that marginalize non-heterosexual people.
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Time of Our Lives: Reproducing Inequality in a Culture of Compulsory Progress
A system of oppression (that includes symbols, attitudes, beliefs, values, standards, policies, and practices) centering heterosexual identity to be the default way of making sense of intimacy and relationships while marginalizing, othering, devaluing, and stigmatizing alternative identities and practices.
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Empathy-MInded Practice in Higher Education: The LGBTQ+ Experience
A prejudice that is defined as “a cultural ideology that perpetuates sexual stigma by denying and denigrating any non-heterosexual behavior, identity, relationship, or community.
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Homophobic Conduct as Normative Masculinity Test: Victimization, Male Hierarchies, and Heterosexualizing Violence in Hate Crimes
System that provides the basis for a given society to develop a form of segregation based on sexual orientation which privileges heterosexuality.
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Communicating Transgender Identity
Prejudice or discriminatory acts against queer individuals centered on social and cultural assumptions that heterosexual or straight people are normal, natural, and superior to non-heterosexual people.
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Developing LGBTQ Competence in Faculty: The Case of a Faculty Development Series
A dominant ideology that suggests heterosexuality is normal while other sexualities are deviant.
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