Search the World's Largest Database of Information Science & Technology Terms & Definitions
InfInfoScipedia LogoScipedia
A Free Service of IGI Global Publishing House
Below please find a list of definitions for the term that
you selected from multiple scholarly research resources.

What is Strong AI

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Second Edition
The main goal of strong AI is to create an AI agent that can think and have a mind.
Published in Chapter:
History of Artificial Intelligence
Attila Benko (University of Pannonia, Hungary) and Cecília Sik Lányi (University of Pannonia, Hungary)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-026-4.ch276
George Boole was the first to describe a formal language for logic reasoning in 1847. The next milestone in artificial intelligence history was in 1936, when Alan M. Turing described the Turing-machine. Warren McCulloch and Walter Pitts created the model of artificial neurons in 1943, and it was in 1944 when J. Neumann and O. Morgenstern determined the theory of decision, which provided a complete and formal frame for specifying the preferences of agents. In 1949 Donald Hebb presented a value changing rule for the connections of the artificial neurons that provide the chance of learning, and Marvin Minsky and Dean Edmonds created the first neural computer in 1951. Artificial intelligence (AI) was born in the summer of 1956, when John McCarthy first defined the term. It was the first time the subject caught the attention of researchers, and it was discussed at a conference at Dartmouth. The next year, the first general problem solver was tested, and one year later, McCarty?regarded as the father of AI?announced the LISP language for creating AI software. Lisp, which stands for list processing, is still used regularly today. Herbert Simon in 1965 stated: “Machines will be capable, within twenty years, of doing any work a man can do.” However, years later scientists realized that creating an algorithm that can do anything a human can do is nearly impossible. Nowadays, AI has a new meaning: creating intelligent agents to help us do our work faster and easier (Russel & Norvig, 2005; McDaniel, 1994; Shirai & Tsujii, 1982; Mitchell, 1996; Schreiber, 1999). Perceptrons was a demonstration of the limits of simple neural networks published by Marvin Minsky and Seymour Papert in 1968. In 1970, the first International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence was held in Washington, DC. PROLOG, a new language for generating AI systems, was created by Alain Colmerauer in 1972. In 1983, Johnson Laird, Paul Rosenbloom, and Allen Newell completed CMU dissertations on SOAR.
Full Text Chapter Download: US $37.50 Add to Cart
More Results
Is AI in Your Future?: AI Considerations for Scholarly Publishers
Strong artificial intelligence (AI) is a theoretical form of machine intelligence that is equal to human intelligence. Key characteristics of Strong AI include the ability to reason, solve puzzles, make judgments, plan, learn, and communicate. It should also have consciousness, objective thoughts, self-awareness, sentience, and sapience.
Full Text Chapter Download: US $37.50 Add to Cart
Marketing and Artificial Intelligence: Personalization at Scale
General AI that is capable of learning and making decisions with a higher level of context awareness
Full Text Chapter Download: US $37.50 Add to Cart
Professionally Ethical Ways to Harness an Art-Making Generative AI to Support Innovative Instructional Design Work
Artificial intelligence that aims to replicate and / or extend general intelligence.
Full Text Chapter Download: US $37.50 Add to Cart
Artificial Intelligence in Marketing: A Review of Consumer-AI Interactions
AI type that is more powerful than weak AI. These systems have context-awareness, think holistically, give context-specific responses, and able to complete more complex tasks.
Full Text Chapter Download: US $37.50 Add to Cart
eContent Pro Discount Banner
InfoSci OnDemandECP Editorial ServicesAGOSR