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What is Human Error

Handbook of Research on the Future of the Maritime Industry
It is human behavior that causes the intended result not to be achieved.
Published in Chapter:
Remote Working in the New Normal of a Global Pandemic: Autonomous Ships and Shore Control Centres
Ismail Kurt (Faculty of Naval Architecture and Maritime, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Turkey) and Murat Aymelek (Faculty of Naval Architecture and Maritime, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2022 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-9039-3.ch016
With the impact of the coronavirus epidemic, a new normal shipping approach is expected to be introduced, aiming to complete operations both on land and on board without interruption, in order to ensure the sustainability of maritime transport. In the near future, it is thought that “remote working” will take place permanently in the maritime sector as well as in all other sectors. On the other hand, it does not seem possible for the personnel carrying out ship and port operations with the technologies in today's traditional ships to work remotely. Recently, a growing research trend has been observed in the literature investigating various aspects of autonomous ships (AS). Early research has shown that AS can create potential improvements for cheaper and safer transportation by reducing the impact of the human factor. The aim of this chapter is to address the cohesion of two popular topics of the maritime industry: (1) the contactless working concept triggered by the coronavirus outbreak and (2) the autonomous shipping offering remote control.
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More Results
Human Factors Affecting Railway Safety: Approach for Considering Human Errors in Investigations
The notion of human error is a very broad concept because it has multiple dimensions. Currently, there is no “common standard” for defining human error. Indeed, the term human error covers several meanings depending on the angle from which it is viewed. The diversity of points of view is linked to the multiplicity of disciplines which analyze it (psychology, ergonomics, engineering, sociology, philosophy, legal). It is an inappropriate (or involuntary) act of a human operator that generates a result not in accordance with what is expected (or desired). Human error is contrary to the notion of “Violation” which is defined by a voluntary deviation from the standard or recommendation. Rather, it is the consequences of a set of parameters external to the task at hand. Human error is an unwanted event, a sign of a mismatch, a lack of compatibility between the characteristics of the work situation, and the physical and mental characteristics of the human operator. Error is therefore an indicator or symptom of human activity. It results in an inappropriate an action on the system, action which will not succeed in making the results conform to the desired goal. Human error is not reducible to human inability or incompetence to perform a task, but can result from the inability of an operator to perform a task correctly. Human error depends, in large part, on the characteristics of the task (physical, technical, organizational, etc.). Human error cannot be defined without referring to human intention, as it depends on human judgment in a specific situation.
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Formal Analysis of Security in Interactive Systems
A class of errors that (in the context of interactive systems) refer to any undesired user action or user-system interaction that leads to the violation of a system goal. Such an interaction may also violate some security goal of the system, that is leakage of confidential information or facilitate unauthorised access to the system.
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Uncertainties in Safety and Security: Uncertainties in Critical Infrastructure Protection and Human Factors
Human error is a term describing a planned sequence of mental or physical actions that fail to achieve the intended objective, and that this failure cannot be attributed to chance.
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Usability Test and Cognitive Analyses During the Task of Using Wireless Earphones
Those occasions when something planned fails to reach the expected outcome.
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Bias in Data-Informed Decision Making
Is an individual’s mistake due to limitations of human ability, rather than an external failure such as a machine.
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