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What is Historical School

Comparative Approaches to Old and New Institutional Economics
It can be defined as a school that aspires to examine economics through the development of social relations in history.
Published in Chapter:
Institutional Economics: The Historical Foundations of Institutional Economics
Zehra Doğan Çalışkan (Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal Unıversity, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-0333-1.ch011
Since the mid-19th century, the thinkers of historical school challenged the deductive, abstractive, and decisive methods of neo-classical economics. According to historical school, social terms have been changed within space and time. Therefore, they defended that the economic theories could not be universal but could only be relative. Instead of professing laws with universal validity, it is more important to reveal the changing structure of society with the extensive studies of economic history. The inductive method of German historical school brought a new perspective into economic theory with theorems such as to consider society as an organism beyond the individuals who would only seek their benefits and the necessity of historical followings in the economic events. From this point of view, it is possible to observe the traces of historical school in the old institutional economics literature.
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