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What is Unitarist Perspective

Handbook of Research on Organizational Culture Strategies for Effective Knowledge Management and Performance
The view held that organisations have a single culture with all employees sharing the same values.
Published in Chapter:
Knowledge Management in Large Complex Organizations: The Subcultural Level
Nick Chandler (Budapest Business School, Hungary)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-7422-5.ch007
This chapter considers the effect of subcultures in large complex organizations upon knowledge management. It is found that subcultures offer both advantages and disadvantages to organisations with knowledge management processes. On the one hand, the diversity of subcultures also offers a diversity of approaches and focus of knowledge management within subcultures. On the other, subcultures are found in the literature to present boundaries to cross-subcultural knowledge transfer. In essence, knowledge management is enhanced within subcultures, and there is a diversity of knowledge management processes as well as conversion of different types of knowledge specific to each subculture type, but knowledge sharing and transfer between subcultures is problematic. Through the examination of previous empirical studies and evidence from the author's own study, strategies are suggested along with a proposed model for managing knowledge across subcultures in large complex organisations, and further implications are highlighted for researchers and practitioners.
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