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What is Machine Translation (MT)

Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence
The act of translating something by means of a machine, especially a computer.
Published in Chapter:
Dependency Parsing: Recent Advances
Ruket Çakici (ICCS School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, UK)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 7
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-849-9.ch069
Annotated data have recently become more important, and thus more abundant, in computational linguistics . They are used as training material for machine learning systems for a wide variety of applications from Parsing to Machine Translation (Quirk et al., 2005). Dependency representation is preferred for many languages because linguistic and semantic information is easier to retrieve from the more direct dependency representation. Dependencies are relations that are defined on words or smaller units where the sentences are divided into its elements called heads and their arguments, e.g. verbs and objects. Dependency parsing aims to predict these dependency relations between lexical units to retrieve information, mostly in the form of semantic interpretation or syntactic structure. Parsing is usually considered as the first step of Natural Language Processing (NLP). To train statistical parsers, a sample of data annotated with necessary information is required. There are different views on how informative or functional representation of natural language sentences should be. There are different constraints on the design process such as: 1) how intuitive (natural) it is, 2) how easy to extract information from it is, and 3) how appropriately and unambiguously it represents the phenomena that occur in natural languages. In this article, a review of statistical dependency parsing for different languages will be made and current challenges of designing dependency treebanks and dependency parsing will be discussed.
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Teaching Culture and Communication with Online Media
Using special software programs to translate passages of written text from one language to another.
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SPIT: Spam Over Internet Telephony
A computer program to translate text written in one natural language into another.
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