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What is Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM)

Handbook of Research on Ergonomics and Product Design
An OEM is the original manufacturer of products who designed and proposed the specifications, subsequently participates in reverse logistics activities to obtain end-of-life products and remanufacture them.
Published in Chapter:
Methodology to Apply Design for Remanufacturing in Product Development
Karina Cecilia Arredondo-Soto (Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexico), Rosa María Reyes-Martínez (Instituto Tecnológico de Ciudad Juárez, Mexico), Jaime Sánchez-Leal (Instituto Tecnológico de Ciudad Juárez, Mexico), and Jorge De la Riva Rodríguez (Intstituto Tecnológico de Ciudad Juárez, México)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5234-5.ch019
This chapter discusses the definitions of environmental design, design for remanufacturing (DfR), as well as a case study to demonstrate the convergent point between these topics. Many products that are currently remanufactured were not designed with this objective, generating a complicated process that requires that the manufacturing engineers develop in a corrective way, modifications in the original design of the products related to its components and the process. The case study analyzes a product that was not originally designed as remanufacturable. The decision was made to develop a reconstruction process that fulfilled the characteristics of remanufacturing. Finally, in applying the DfR, it was possible to expedite the remanufacturing so that material planners do not fear to run out of good parts and have to order the purchase of new product, decrease the use of assembly details that are purchased at a high price, and thus save on the cost of remanufacturing. Analyzing this case and applying DfR implied a savings of 37% compared to the initial process that did not apply this tool.
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Strategic Challenges of the Portuguese Automotive Industry: In Search of an Iberian Sourcing Strategy
It is a company that supplies equipment to other companies to resell or incorporate into another product using the reseller’s brand name.
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Supply Chain and Warehouse Management Systems: A Case Study From an International Company
A manufacturer that buys and incorporates another supplier's products into its own products.
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PMA Supplier Selection Using the Mahalanobis Taguchi System
Manufacturers who resell another company’s product under their own name and branding. An OEM refers specifically to the act of a company re-branding a product to its own name and offering its own warranty, support, and licensing of the product. The term is really a misnomer because OEMs are not the original manufacturers; they are the customizers.
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