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What is Nanofibre

Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment in Rural Regions
Films comprising of nanofibres overlap with each other in a completely random manner with pore size ranging from tens of nanometre to several micrometres which are used to adsorb the residual palm oil.
Published in Chapter:
Palm Oil Mill Wastewater and Treatment
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2645-3.ch011
Palm oil is an essential agricultural commodity in Malaysia, as Malaysia is one of the largest producers and exporters globally. The processes of palm oil extraction and purification generate a large amount of wastewater known as palm oil mill effluent (POME). Currently, most treatment processes are carried out using a conventional ponding system which is outdated as it requires large land areas and long retention time. Discharge of poorly treated POME directly to the surroundings leads harms the environment, as it contains high contents of oil and BOD. Therefore, this chapter discusses the treatment method of POME from a newer perspective of membrane technology integrated with biological treatment. Various methods such as clarification system with nanofibre unit, cooling system, activated sludge system, and anaerobic membrane bioreactor, are reviewed on their principles of operation.
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