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What is PKK

Handbook of Research on the Impact of COVID-19 on Marginalized Populations and Support for the Future
Partiya Karkariyen Kurdistan.
Published in Chapter:
COVID-19 and the War: The Case of Syria
İbrahim Karataş (Istinye University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-7480-5.ch012
This chapter studies the coronavirus pandemic in war conditions by analyzing the case of Syria, where a civil war has been ongoing since 2011. It reveals that COVID-19 was trouble in another trouble, impoverishing people, causing hunger and death. The research also shows that since the pandemic does not cause a high number of fatalities that can force warring parties to lay down their weapons, the Syrian regime and the two hostile opposition groups continued to fight. The study argues that the Assad regime has weaponized COVID-19 to force dissidents to kneel. Yet, opposition groups resisted the regime and tried to survive with the help of their allies. Theoretically, this study agrees that human security is not possible without state security and argues that authoritarian regimes can sacrifice the former to ensure the survival of the latter. Methodologically, besides literature review and benefiting from reports about COVID-19, interviews were made with experts.
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Critical Discourse Analysis of The Özgür Gündem Newspaper During Turkey's Resolution Process: From the Year 2013 to 2015
Is a designated terrorist organization which has fought a bloody insurgency inside Turkey.
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Criminal Interests within Political Insurgencies: The Case for Development-Centred Counterinsurgency
The Kurdistan Workers Party, is an originally Marxist-Leninist organization fighting the Turkish state in order to obtain the liberation of Kurds. In recent years and after the arrest of its most prominent leader Abdullah Ocalan, it has abandoned the Marxist-Leninist doctrine, to engage on ‘Democratic Confederalism’. It has also been signalled of being corrupted by criminal interests, disrupting its political nature.
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