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What is Policy Implementation

Cases on Green Energy and Sustainable Development
A stage in the policy process that involves actions needed to put laws or policies into effect, or to solve a problem.
Published in Chapter:
Implementing the European Union Renewable Energy Policy Targets in Bulgaria
Tatyana B. Ruseva (Appalachian State University, USA) and Maria A. Petrova (University of Massachusetts – Boston, USA)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 30
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8559-6.ch002
As a member of the European Union (EU), Bulgaria has been implementing the EU's policy targets designed to increase the share of renewable energy (RE) use in gross final energy consumption by 2020. The target for Bulgaria, set at 16%, was accomplished eight years earlier than mandated, in 2012. The result of rapid but poorly regulated growth in renewables—seemingly a success story—illustrates the potential pitfalls of RE policy implementation. Having met its target, Bulgaria undertook a series of restrictive policy measures that undermined short-term RE growth, increased regulatory uncertainty and market stagnation. The objective of this chapter is to understand the factors that shaped these unintended policy measures and outcomes. Drawing on key informant interviews, the chapter presents a case study of renewable energy policy implementation in a multi-level governance system and illustrates the boomerang effects associated with top-down policy implementation.
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More Results
E-Government Policy Implementation in Thailand: Success or Failure?
Can be viewed as an “interaction between the setting of goals and actions geared to achieve them” (Pressman & Wildavsky 1973, p. xv). Implementation can be defined as one of the key stages in policymaking usually followed by evaluation.
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Patient Advocacy and the Policy Making Process
The effective execution of the policy, involving several stakeholders (both public and private) taking action to pursue policy goals. The success of a certain policy largely depends on an appropriate implementation, in terms of planned resources, skills, organizational features and risks.
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