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What is Roman Territorial Organization

Handbook of Research on Emerging Digital Tools for Architectural Surveying, Modeling, and Representation
Establishes principles that stipulate how the elements which are part of the territory are organized, and in the case of Roman period it comprises the infrastructures implemented during the occupation. They can be associated with the need to manage the territory regarding political, administrative and economic purposes. The expression of these infrastructures can be recognized through elements regarding the urban settlements organization (like civitates and villae ) or the Roman itinerary ( via , miliarium , mansio and mutatio ).
Published in Chapter:
The Landscape Cultural Construction: A Recognition of the Roman Tradition
Isabel Sousa Rosa (University of Lisbon, Portugal), Joana C. Lopes (University of Lisbon, Portugal), and Ricardo J. Ribeiro (University of Lisbon, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8379-2.ch026
The interdependent relation between urban settlements and their environment has been broadly neglected over the last two centuries, particularly near major urban centers. This reflects in an unbalanced and often inadequate occupation of the territory, leading to the deterioration of quality of human life by loss of ecological and cultural diversity. In this sense, it was carried out a research to develop a Potential Land-Use Plan for the Portuguese territory to assess the land suitability for the installation of multiple human activities. The concept proposed for this chapter, will be based on a reinterpretation of tradition, following the current concepts of ecological and cultural sustainability, concerning the historical occupation of the Portuguese territory focusing on the Roman period using a GIS environment.
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