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What is Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)

Encyclopedia of Networked and Virtual Organizations
A standard for conveying structured information between web services.
Published in Chapter:
Grid Computing for Social Science
Kenneth J. Turner (University of Stirling, UK), Paul Lambert (University of Stirling, UK), K. L. Tan (University of Stirling, UK), Vernon Gayle (University of Stirling, UK), Richard O. Sinnott (University of Glasgow, UK), Ken Prandy (University of Cardiff, UK), Erik Bihagen (Swedish Institute for Social Research, Sweden), and Marco H.D. van Leeuwen (International Institute for Social History, The Netherlands)
Copyright: © 2008 |Pages: 9
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-885-7.ch085
Grid computing is named by analogy with the electrical power grid. Power stations are linked into a universal supply that delivers electricity on demand to consumers. Similarly, computational resources can be linked into a grid that delivers computing or data on demand to the user’s desktop. The origins of grid computing lie in networked computing, distributed computing, and parallel computing. Grid computing coordinates distributed resources that are not subject to central control, using standard protocols and interfaces to meet the required levels of service (Foster, 2002).
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Web Services and Service-Oriented Architectures
SOAP refers to an XML protocol used to provide a container in code for communications with Web services. The expression “SOAP envelope” is often used to describe the function of this technology.
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Fundamental Concepts of Cloud Computing
This is a web service communication protocol. It was long the standard approach to web service interfaces, but it was dominated by REST in recent years, with REST now representing more than 70% of public APIs (Application Programming Interfaces).
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Geospatial Views for RESTful BIM
A protocol and a messaging method specified to exchanging information using web services. The SOAP protocol depends on XML as it message format.
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Interoperability between Distributed Systems and Web-Services Composition
An XML-based message protocol used to encode information in Web service requests and response messages before sending them over a network. SOAP messages are independent of any operating system or protocol and may be transported using Internet protocols (SMTP, MIME, and HTTP).
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