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What is Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS)

Safety and Security Issues in Technical Infrastructures
is a computational fluid dynamics model of fire-driven fluid flow. FDS solves numerically a form of the Navier-Stokes equations appropriate for low-speed (Ma < 0.3), thermally driven flow with an emphasis on smoke and heat transport from fires.
Published in Chapter:
Simulation and Modelling in Fire Safety: Virtual Reality for Smart Firefighting
Tomaz Hozjan (University of Ljubljana, Slovenia), Kamila Kempna (VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, Czech Republic), and Jan Smolka (VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, Czech Republic)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 31
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3059-7.ch009
Actual and future concerns in fire safety in buildings and infrastructure are challenging. Modern technologies provide rapid development in area of fire safety, especially in education, training, and fire-engineering. Modelling as a tool in fire-engineering provides possibility to design specific fire scenarios and investigate fire spread, smoke movement or evacuation of occupants from buildings. Development of emerging technologies and software provides higher possibility to apply these models with interactions of augmented and virtual reality. Augmented reality and virtual reality expand effectivity of training and preparedness of first (fire wardens) and second (firefighters) responders. Limitations such as financial demands, scale and scenarios of practical training of first and second responders are much lower than in virtual reality. These technologies provide great opportunities in preparedness to crisis in a safety way with significantly limited budget. Some of these systems are already developed and applied in safety and security area e.g. XVR (firefighting, medical service).
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