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What is Software Protocol

Encyclopedia of Networked and Virtual Organizations
These are software channels through which computers access or see one another. NETBEUI is designed for LAN while TCP/IP (transmission control protocol/Internet protocol) is designed for wide area network connection (Internet).
Published in Chapter:
Computer Networking of Cybercafés in Delta State, Nigeria
Oghenevwogaga Benson Adogbeji (Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria) and Esharenana E. Adomi (Delta State University, Nigeria)
Copyright: © 2008 |Pages: 6
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-885-7.ch040
The convergence of information and communication technology as embodied in the Internet has transformed the present day society into a knowledge society. Earlier, information and knowledge were passed by word of mouth or through manuscripts, and communication was a slow process, but today information is passed from one individual to an infinite number of other users through a number of media and formats which makes rapid and widespread dissemination of information possible (Preeti, 2006). This information dissemination has been so easy today due to the advent of computer network. Computer network is the interconnection of two or more computers for the purpose of sharing resources; this may involve the sharing of common database, software, printer etc. In networking, one may use peer-to-peer model or the client/server model. The peer-to-peer model is a decentralized networking model, which means all account administration is local to each machine and each machine maintains its own account database. In this model, each computer is equal or “peer” of the others. None of the members has total control over the others. This networking may involve the use of hub if the systems are more than two but none of the workstation has total control of the others. However, client/server type of network model is the type of network model, which is defined by the presence of server on the network that provides security and administration of the network. The server enables centralized database security and backup (Adogbeji & Adomi, 2005). In order for the cyber cafés in Nigeria to be able to have access to the entire world and give access to users, there comes the need to network their computers. This they do using client/server model and star topology. This chapter investigates networking patterns in cybercafes in Delta state. It explores the types of network adopted locally, types of networking model adopted in the cafes, reasons for adopting the models, types of networking topology adopted and problems inherited in the networking pattern adopted. Recommendations for improvement are also set forth.
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