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What is Solid Waste

Innovative Waste Management Technologies for Sustainable Development
Solid or semisolid, non-soluble material (including gases and liquids in containers) such as agricultural refuse, demolition waste, industrial waste, mining residues, municipal garbage, and sewage sludge.
Published in Chapter:
White Pollution: A Hazard to Environment and Sustainable Approach to Its Management
Mehvish Hameed (National Institute of Technology, India), Rouf Ahmad Bhat (Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, India), Dig Vijay Singh (Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, India), and Mohammad Aneesul Mehmood (Sri Pratap College, India & Cluster University Srinagar, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-0031-6.ch004
Plastic derived from the petrochemical industry with a high molecular weight constitutes about 9-13% of total solid waste. Since the industrial revolution, the use of plastic has increased manifold without improving its adequate management as a waste. Most of the plastic waste produced in the world is mainly from packaging industry followed by building and construction. Plastic is a non-degradable deadly pollutant to degrade environmental quality and are known to remain in water and soil for years without making any change in their structure. Due to enormous generation, open burning of plastic is also preferred due to the lack of resource in the developing countries thus releasing toxic gases thereby causing air pollution. Plastic disturbs the balance of the environment by acting as physical barrier leading to the drainage of the drains, degrading soil properties, and are often ingested by the organisms ultimately leading to their death. Thus, it becomes more important to manage the plastic pollution keeping in view its detrimental impacts on the environment.
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Municipal Solid Waste Management
Refers to non-flowing organic and inorganic materials that is hard or solid and not water-like or liquid that include residues, by-products in production, distribution or consumption of goods and provision of services that are discarded by owners.
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Waste Management in South Africa
Any refuse from discarded materials and facilities of air pollution prevention and waste treatment plants resulting from agriculture, domestic, industrial, mining, and commercial activities.
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Innovations in Recycling for Sustainable Management of Solid Wastes
The useless and unwanted products in the solid state derived from the activities of and discarded by society. It is produced either by-product of production processes or arise from the domestic or commercial sector when objects or materials are discarded after use.
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Mystery of Recycling: Glass and Aluminum Examples
Any discarded or abandoned materials. Solid wastes can be solid, liquid, semi-solid or containerized gaseous material.
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