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What is Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Second Edition
an open, global specification that allows users with mobile devices to easily access and interact with information and services instantly
Published in Chapter:
Mobile Commerce Technology
Chung-wei Lee (Auburn University, USA), Wen-Chen Hu (University of North Dakota, USA), and Jyh-haw Yeh (Boise State University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-026-4.ch412
With the introduction of the World Wide Web, electronic commerce has revolutionized traditional commerce and boosted sales and exchanges of merchandise and information. Recently, the emergence of wireless and mobile networks has made possible the admission of electronic commerce to a new application and research subject—mobile commerce, which is defined as the exchange or buying and selling of commodities, services, or information on the Internet through the use of mobile handheld devices. With services provided by mobile commerce, consumers may use the microbrowsers on their cellular phones or PDAs to buy tickets, order meals, locate and book local hotel rooms, even write contracts on the move. In just a few years, mobile commerce has emerged from nowhere to become the hottest new trend in business transactions. NTT DoCoMo’s i-mode (2003) is by far the most successful example of mobile commerce. Introduced in February 1999, i-mode has attracted over 36 million subscribers worldwide. With i-mode, cellular phone users can easily access more than 62,000 Internet sites, as well as specialized services such as e-mail, online shopping and banking, ticket reservations, and personalized ringing melodies that can be downloaded for their phones. The i-mode network structure not only provides access to i-mode and i-mode-compatible contents through the Internet, but also provides access through a dedicated leased-line circuit for added security. i-mode users are charged based on the volume of data transmitted, rather than the amount of time spent connected. In Spring 2001, NTT DoCoMo introduced its next-generation mobile system, based on wideband CDMA (W-CDMA), which can support speeds of 384Kbps or faster, allowing users to download videos and other bandwidth-intensive content with its high-speed packet data communications.
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Wireless Technologies to Enable Electronic Business
An approach to link wireless devices to the Internet by optimizing Internet information so it can be displayed on the small screen of a portable device.
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Challenges, Systems and Applications of Wireless and Mobile Telemedicine
It is an application that allows users to access information instantly via handheld wireless devices such as mobile phones, pagers, two-way radios, smart phones, and PDAs.
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Mobile Commerce and the Evolving Wireless Technologies
It is an open, global specification that empowers mobile users with wireless devices to easily access and interact with information and services instantly.
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Security and Privacy Approaches for Wireless Local and Metropolitan Area Networks (LANs & MANs)
A standard for providing cellular telephones, pagers, and other handheld devices with secure access to e-mail and text-based Web pages. Introduced in 1997 by, Ericsson, Motorola, and Nokia, WAP provides a complete environment for wireless applications that includes a wireless counterpart of TCP/IP and a framework for telephony integration, such as call control and telephone book access. WAP features the wireless markup language (WML), which was derived from’s HDML and is a streamlined version of HTML for small-screen displays. It also uses WMLScript, a compact JavaScript-like language that runs in limited memory. WAP also supports handheld input methods, such as a keypad and voice recognition. Independent of the air interface, WAP runs over all the major wireless networks in place now and in the future. It is also device-independent, requiring only a minimum functionality in the unit to permit use with a myriad of telephones and handheld devices.
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Teaching and Learning with Personal Digital Assistants
WAP is an international standard that allows users to connect to the Internet using WAP-enabled mobile phones. WAP is optimized for mobile networks with narrow bandwidths, mobile devices with small screens and limited keys for user entry, little memory storage, and limited processing and battery power.
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Impact of Portal Technologies on Executive Information Systems
A collection of standards for accessing online information and applications from wireless devices such as mobile phones, two-way radios, pagers, and personal digital assistants.
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