How countries are spending billions on air pollution and correcting climate change

China and the UN Enact new Environmental Policies to Combat Rising Carbon Emissions

By Sharlene Oong on Jun 10, 2019
In an effort to decrease global carbon emission as well as the consequences of climate change, China had the eyes of every nation when they downsized the energy consumption per unit of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by three (3) percent. The Chinese government plans to allocate up to US$ 3.73 billion to prevent and control air pollution in order to mitigate the rise of carbon dioxide by 2030. Though many nations around the world are in the process of solidifying green policies, solutions, and resources to combat climate change, carbon emission remains an ever-evolving challenge. Most of the carbon emissions are sourced from fossil fuel exhaust in metropolitan cities, from industrial facilities, and vehicular emissions, according to Prof. Ahmet Gezerman from Yildiz Technical University, Turkey, and et. al, in their chapter, “Air Pollution in Asia and Its Effect on Human Health: Air Pollution in Asia,” from the IGI Global publication, Effective Solutions to Pollution Mitigation for Public Welfare.

Additionally, almost every industry including transportation, agriculture, energy production, domestic heating, and more contribute to the increased levels of air pollution causing researchers to turn to renewable clean energy sources as a solution to be utilized by cities.

Preventative measures of limiting air pollution include the usage of fuel that, “contains low concentration of SO2 and particulate material at home, [an increased use] of coal grades, natural gas, heat isolation in buildings, [as well as] educating heater personnel (Tam et al., 2016),” state Prof. Gezerman, et. al. Additionally, as transportation is the key contributor of carbon emission, authors Prof. Gezerman and et. al, recommend that vehicle owners need to regularly check the exhaust emission of vehicles while implementing solutions which include the usage of fuel such as benzine without lead, “[which will limit] exhaust emission, [as well as using] vehicles that have catalytic converters are some implementations that improve air pollution in traffic.”

Although China and many nations within the UN are focusing on limiting the amount of carbon emission and pollution, this movement requires action from both the producer and consumer end. As the distribution of carbon dioxide is generated in all phases of the manufacturing process from the extraction of raw materials to the distribution of the finished goods to final consumers, low carbon manufacturing needs to be adopted in the industry, according to Prof. Yu Mei Wong, from The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, from her authored chapter, “Fair Share of Supply Chain Responsibility for Low Carbon Manufacturing,” from the publication, International Business: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications. When businesses reduce the level of carbon emissions in their exports, not only will it benefit the quality of these products, but the users on the receiving end, who from are all over the world.

As businesses focus on implementing the low consideration of carbon in their respective organizations, environmental science education has been found to be very beneficial to societies and nations all around the world to further combat air pollution as well as climate change. Industry leaders are encouraging public awareness of climate change all over the world, including Prof. Mphemelang Ketlhoilwe, from the University of Botswana, Botswana, author of the chapter, “Building Resilience to Climate Change at Local Levels: The Role of Education,” from the publication, Promoting Climate Change Awareness through Environmental Education. Prof. Ketlhoilwe states that climate change awareness can be promoted through action-oriented policy implementation on a local level, on an individual community, or in a school setting. As education sets the bar for young citizens to mainstream climate change and promote higher engagement for sustainable development, community education can encourage businesses, schools, legislative bodies, and more to adopt adaptive strategies, mitigation, or resilience.

Even as barriers and opposition to include environmental policies and related mandates prolong, IGI Global continues to disseminate emerging research in climate change, carbon emissions, environmental legislation, and more to assist industry leaders, policy makers, and government officials in making informed decisions about decreasing climate change.
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