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Oil Drilling in the Amazon Rainforest Causes Controversy

Rainforest Preservation in Danger

By IGI Global on Sep 2, 2013
Contributed by Marisa Weachter, Marketing Assistant

Preserving natural and diverse environments, such as the Amazon Rainforest in South America, has always been a top priority. The Amazon Rainforest, located in Ecuador, is home to many unique wildlife species, as well as two Indian tribes living in isolation.

Rainforest Preservation In Danger Recently, a debate has sparked over the conservation of the Amazon. Should the Amazon rainforest remain intact to preserve the prestigious environment, or should the land be drilled for oil to help sustain the economy? According to a recent Washington Post Article, President Rafael Correa planned to preserve the Amazon by persuading foreign countries to contribute monetary donations to Ecuador, and in return the Rainforest would not be drilled for oil. After President Correa pondered over his decision, he realized the country’s economy would benefit more by drilling oil in the Amazon.

The citizens of Ecuador and surrounding countries are left with an unsettling feeling about what will happen to their natural and unique environment, upon drilling in the Amazon. An interesting comparison is addressed in the IGI Global chapter, "Regional Scenarios of Biodiversity State in the Tropical Andes."

Written by research professionals Carolina Tovar and Carlos Alberto Arnillas, from the Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Peru, along with Manuel Peralvo of CONDESA, Ecudaor, and Gustavo Galindo of Instituto de Recursos Biológicos, Colombia, this book addresses several conservation strategies sought to preserve Tropical environments in South America. The intent of this chapter is to provide an in-depth analysis of the biodiversity in the tropical areas of Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, in order to provide strategies for policy and decision makers. Based upon their study found in this chapter, the authors also include projections for the biodiversity and conservation in the tropic areas for the year 2030:

“Humans have influenced land cover, atmospheric composition and even soil composition. We are just beginning to understand the complex ways in which these changes affect biodiversity, ecosystem services and the goods they provide for human survival.”

The chapter is featured in the IGI Global title, Land Use, Climate Change and Biodiversity Modeling: Perspectives and Applications, written by Yongyut Trisurat (Kasetsart University, Thailand), Rajendra P. Shrestha (Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand) and Rob Alkemade (Netherlands Environment Assessment Agency, The Netherlands). This publication combines state-of-the-art modeling approaches at various scales with case studies from across the world. These examples will assist natural resource managers, scientists, and decision makers overcome their fear of models and challenges regarding environmental sustainability.
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