Architecture of IoT and Challenges

Margaret Mary T. (Kristu Jayanti College, India), Sangamithra A. (Kristu Jayanti College, India) and Ramanathan G. (Kristu Jayanti College, India)
Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 54
EISBN13: 9781799885672|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4873-8.ch002
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Abstract

Internet of things (IoT) architecture is an ecosystem of connected physical objects that are accessible through the internet. The ‘thing' in IoT could be a person with a heart monitor or an automobile with built-in-sensors (i.e., objects that have been assigned an IP address and have the ability to collect and transfer data over a network without manual assistance or intervention). The embedded technology in the objects helps them to interact with internal states or the external environment, which in turn affects the decisions taken. IoT world where all the devices and appliances are connected to a network and are used collaboratively to achieve complex tasks that require a high degree of intelligence, and IoT is an interaction between the physical and digital words using sensors and actuators. Furthermore, the IoT architecture may combine features and technologies suggested by various methodologies. IoT architecture is designed where the digital and real worlds are integrating and interacting constantly, and various technologies are merged together to form IoT.
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