Edge Computing and IoT Technologies for Medical Applications: A Case Study on Healthcare Monitoring

Kumar R. (Kristu Jayanti College, India), Ayshwarya B. (Kristu Jayanti College, India), Muruganantham A. (Kristu Jayanti College, India) and Velmurugan R. (Kristu Jayanti College, India)
Copyright: © 2021 |Pages: 287
EISBN13: 9781799885788|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4873-8.ch013
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Dynamic observation of blood sugar levels is essential for patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus in order to control the glycaemia. Inevitably, they must accomplish a capillary test three times per day and laboratory test once or twice per month. These regular methods make patients uncomfortable because patients have to prick their finger every time in order to measure the glucose concentration. Modern health monitoring systems rely on IoT. However, the number of advanced IoT-based continuous glucose monitoring systems is small and has several limitations. Here the authors study feasibility of invasive and continuous glucose monitoring system utilizing IoT-based approach. They designed an IoT-based system architecture from a sensor device to a back-end system for presenting real-time data in various forms to end-users. The results show that the system is able to achieve continuous glucose monitoring remotely in real time, and a high level of energy efficiency can be achieved by applying the nRF compound, power management, and energy harvesting unit altogether in the sensor units.
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