Accuracy Bounds for Wireless Localization Methods

Accuracy Bounds for Wireless Localization Methods

Michael L. McGuire (University of Victoria, Canada) and Konstantinos N. Plataniotis (University of Toronto, Canada)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-396-8.ch015
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Node localization is an important issue for wireless sensor networks to provide context for collected sensory data. Sensor network designers need to determine if the desired level of localization accuracy is achievable from their network configuration and available measurements. The Cramér-Rao lower bound is used extensively for this purpose. This bound is loose since it uses only information from measurements in its calculations. Information, such as that from the sensor selection process, is not considered. In addition, non-line-of-sight radio propagation causes the regularity conditions of the Cramér-Rao lower bound to be violated. This chapter demonstrates the Weinstein-Weiss and extended Ziv-Zakai lower bounds for localization error which remain valid with non-line-of-sight propagation. These bounds also use all available information for bound calculations. It is demonstrated that these bounds are tight to actual estimator performance and may be used determine the available accuracy of location estimation from survey data collected in the network area.

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