BIVALDI the Digital Library of the Valencian Bibliographic Inheritance

BIVALDI the Digital Library of the Valencian Bibliographic Inheritance

Nuria Lloret Romero (Polytechnic University of Valencia, Spain), Margarita Cabrera Méndez (Polytechnic University of Valencia, Spain), Alicia Sellés Carot (Masmedios Ltd., Spain) and Lilia Fernandez Aquino (Masmedios Ltd., Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-879-6.ch038
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The Biblioteca Valenciana was created by the decree 5/1985 of the 8th of January and is presented primarily as “upper library centre of the Generalitat Valenciana and basic bibliographic deposit” which depends on the Conselleria for Culture, Education, and Sport. For this reason, it is the head of the library system of the Comunidad Valenciana, Conselleria, and as such, it has established objectives in the eighth article of the Law 10/1986 of 30th of December of Organización Bibliotecaria de la Comunidad Valenciana between which are emphasised “to meet, to conserve and divulge the Valencian bibliographic inheritance and all the printed, sound and visual production, about the Comunidad Valenciana.” It is also made up as “receiver of one of the examples proceeding from the offices of the Depósito Legal “and it is attributed the obligation of fulfilling the collective catalogue of the Valencian bibliographic and cultural inheritance. Furthermore, the Valancian library must insert itself into the denominated National Libraries, and for this reason, in the Comunidad Valenciana, it is in charge of uniting history, tradition, and in the future of the obtaining of political libraries, because it is defined as “central expert of the carefully worked political library in the Valencian library system” and, for this reason, must be in charge of “elaborating and divulging the bibliographic information about the Valencian editorial production and of maintaining the cooperation with the library services of different scopes.” In fulfilment of its responsibilities and with the intention of obtaining the maximum spread of the bibliographic and cultural inheritance, the Biblioteca Valenciana, in the setting of its Digitization policy, has dedicated and dedicates many resources in four lines or different solutions. In the first place, it coedits with different publishers, monographs, or titles of magazines which permit the recuperation and spreading of the Valencian inheritance. Some examples are Ruedo Ibérico, L’Espill, or La República de les Lletres. In the second place, it digitalizes different resources which can be consulted from the catalogue. This solution is especially oriented to the preservation and conservation of the collections, and enables the users to be able to see from their computers the supplies to which the descriptions belong, and can decide if they are useful or not for their consultation, instead of indiscriminately asking for them, thus reducing the moving and manipulation of the original copies. The library is also working on the digitalization of material, especially all personal files, which do not belong to them, but which are of great importance. Finally, the Biblioteca Valenciana has begun the Biblioteca Valenciana Digital, (BIVALDI), which is the object of the present project, and which we are going to describe in detail in the following sections.
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BIVALDI: Biblioteca Valenciana Digital

In the month of May in 2002, the Biblioteca Valenciana starts a project of digitalization denominated Biblioteca Valenciana Digital (BIVALDI). It refers to a digital library in which it is able to consult relevant and significant Valencian scientific and literary works, apart from works which are considered to be of interest for the development and improvement of scientific investigation about the historic, bibliographic, and cultural inheritance.

This deals with an ambitious project which is not created as a repository of any determined theme or as a reflection of the resources which are taken care of in the Biblioteca Valenciana. The Biblioteca Valenciana Digital intends to recuperate the Valencian bibliographic inheritance, which means it intends to be the meeting place of works that form part of said inheritance irrespective of its location. For this reason, we find in BIVALDI works which are not property of the Biblioteca Valenciana and which cannot be acquired, or because they are unique examples or because they are not on the market. But this is not the only objective of BIVALDI; it is also created for the necessity to offer more information, which means it is intended to incorporate, together with the work, informative elements of added value about the authors, the works, the printers, and so on.

All investigators and the general public who consult BIVALDI will be able to enjoy the works thanks to an easily manageable informatics platform which permits simple surfing. One of the outstanding attractions of this library platform is that the user can surf, not only in an individual way through the original digitalized text or through its transcription and/or translation when they are necessary, but also in a simultaneous way on the same screen, with the original work together with its transcription and translation. Also the user, as has already been mentioned, counts on wide information about the author and his work. This deals with bibliographies and specialised studies about the works, the printers, biographies of the writers, and so on.

Logically, to be able to begin this project, the Biblioteca Valenciana needs the collaboration with other institutions for the obtaining and later digitalization, or for obtaining the digital reproduction.

Between others, the University of Valencia has provided the digitalization of the incunables of Les obres o trobes en laors de la Verge Maria—which is the first literary work printed in Spain in the year 1474; from Tirant lo Blanch by Joanot Martorell; from Regiment de la cosa pública—work of Francesc Eisimenis; de l’Omelia sobre lo psalm “De profundis” by Jeroni Fuster; from l’Omelia sobre lo psalm “Miserere mei Deus” by Narcís Vinoles; from Lo somni by Joan Joan; from Lo procés de les olives; and from the incunable of 1493 which contains the Historia de la Pació by Bemat Fenollar and Pere Martínez, la Contemplació a Jesús Crucificat by Joan Escrivá and Bemat Fenollar and l’Oració a la Sacratíssima Verge Maria by Joan Rois de Corella, the last of the great Valencian medieval writers. Because of this, the Valencian City Council has authorised the digitalization of two incunables. On one hand, the translation of Imitació de Jesucris—better known as the Kempis—related under the name of Menyspreu del món by Miguel Pérez, a Barcelona edition which is the oldest translation of printed work in the world in the Romance language; on the other hand, the translation of Les Meditationes vitae Christi by Ludolf de Saxonia, a version of the “Cartoxá,” requested to the Valencian authorities by King Fernando el Católico from Castille.

On the other hand, the Hispanic Society has provided the digital reproduction of the two unique pages of the Biblia valenciana, printed in 1478 and attributed to Bonifacio Ferrer. Also included in BIVALDI is the digitization of the copy of Tirant lo Blanch kept in the American Institute, which has permitted the changing of the pages in bad condition or lost of the first edition of “Tirant,” the first novel of the Valencian literature kept, as we have aforementioned in the University of Valencia.

L’Abadia de Montserrat has given permission for the digitalization of the copy of Antidotarium clarificatum, by Nicolau Spíndeler and printed in 1495, and of the work of the Valencian Amau de Vilanova, doctor to popes and kings, which is kept in the Catalan Institute.

Also, BIVALDI has been able to count on the collaboration of the Biblioteca Nacional de España, which has given permission for the digitalization of the Obra a llaors de Sent Cristófol and Vita Christi by sor Isabel de Villena—a work by one of the most important writers of the medieval Europe—an incomplete copy of which is kept in the Biblioteca Valenciana.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Incunabulum: A book single sheet, or image that was printed, before the year 1501 in Europe.

Digitization: Digitization means acquiring, converting, storing, and providing information in a computer format that is standardized, organized, and available on demand from common system. With specialized scanners, manuscripts are converted into compressed digital signals and stored systematically for future reference.

Manuscripts: The word manuscript is derived from the Latin manu scriptus, literally “written by hand.”

Biblioteca Valenciana: Valencian bibliographic collections library.

BIVALDI: Valencian digital inheritance library collection.

Complete Chapter List

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List of Reviewers
Table of Contents
Detailed Table of Contents
Gary Gorman
Yin-Leng Theng, Schubert Foo, Dion Goh, Jin-Cheon Na
Chapter 1
Leonardo Candela, Donatella Castelli, Pasquale Pagano
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OpenDLib: A Digital Library Service System
Chapter 2
Mohammed Nasser Al-Suqri, Esther O.A. Fatuyi
Deliberate exploitation of natural resources and excessive use of environmentally abhorrent materials have resulted in environmental disruptions... Sample PDF
Digital Library Service System; Digital Library System; Document Model; Grid Computing; Grid Infrastructure; Institutional Repository; Service Oriented Architecture
Chapter 3
Sarah-Jane Saravani
This chapter describes a learning object repository case study undertaken at the Waikato Institute of Technology, Hamilton, New Zealand, during 2005... Sample PDF
Access and Control; Digital Libraries; Information Ethics; Privacy; Security
Chapter 4
Jian-hua Yeh, Shun-hong Sie, Chao-chen Chen
In this chapter, we describe X-system, a general digital library platform which is capable of handling large-scale digital contents with flexible... Sample PDF
Extensible Digital Library Service Platform
Chapter 5
Juan C. Lavariega, Lorena G. Gomez, Martha Sordia-Salinas, David A. Garza-Salazar
This chapter presents the services and functionality that a personal digital library (PDL) system should provide. The chapter includes a reference... Sample PDF
Personal Digital Libraries
Chapter 6
George Pyrounakis, Mara Nikolaidou
In the last years, a great number of digital library and digital repository systems have been developed by individual organizations, mostly... Sample PDF
Comparing Open Source Digital Library Software
Chapter 7
Ian H. Witten, David Bainbridge
This chapter describes the evolution of the Greenstone digital library project through its first 10 years of development. It provides an overview of... Sample PDF
The Greenstone Digital Library Software
Chapter 8
Yin-Leng Theng, Nyein Chan Lwin Lwin, Jin-Cheon Na, Schubert Foo, Dion Hoe-Lian Goh
This chapter addresses the issues of resource discovery in digital libraries (DLs) and the importance of knowledge organization tools in building... Sample PDF
Design and Development of a Taxonomy Generator: A Case Example for Greenstone
Chapter 9
Schubert Foo, Yin-Leng Theng, Dion Hoe-Lian Goh, Jin-Cheon Na
Digital archives typically act as stand-alone digital libraries to support search and discovery by users to access its rich set of digitized... Sample PDF
From Digital Archives to Virtual Exhibitions
Chapter 10
Carmen Galvez
This chapter presents the different standardization methods of terms at the two basic approaches of nonlinguistic and linguistic techniques, and... Sample PDF
Standardization of Terms Applying Finite-State Transducers (FST)
Chapter 11
Fu Lee Wang, Christopher C. Yang
As more information becomes available online, information-overloading results. This problem can be resolved through the application of automatic... Sample PDF
Extracting the Essence: Automatic Text Summarization
Chapter 12
Metadata Interoperability  (pages 122-130)
K. S. Chudamani, H. C. Nagarathna
Metadata is data about data. Metadata originated in the context of digital information in databases. This chapter looks at the various standards... Sample PDF
Metadata Interoperability
Chapter 13
Payam M. Barnaghi, Wei Wang, Jayan C. Kurian
The Semantic Web is an extension to the current Web in which information is provided in machine-processable format. It allows interoperable data... Sample PDF
Semantic Association Analysis in Ontology-Based Information Retrieval
Chapter 14
Gerald Schaefer
As image databases are growing, efficient and effective methods for managing such large collections are highly sought after. Content-based... Sample PDF
Effective and Efficient Browsing of Large Image Databases
Chapter 15
Giovanni Semeraro, Pierpaolo Basile, Marco de Gemmis, Pasquale Lops
Exploring digital collections to find information relevant to a user’s interests is a challenging task. Information preferences vary greatly across... Sample PDF
User Profiles for Personalizing Digital Libraries
Chapter 16
Shiyan Ou, Christopher S.G. Khoo, Dion Hoe-Lian Goh
This chapter describes various text summarization techniques and evaluation techniques that have been proposed in literature and discusses the... Sample PDF
Automatic Text Summarization in Digital Libraries
Chapter 17
Wooil Kim, John H.L. Hansen
This chapter addresses a number of advances in formulating spoken document retrieval for the National Gallery of the Spoken Word (NGSW) and the... Sample PDF
Speechfind: Advances in Rich Content Based Spoken Document Retrieval
Chapter 18
Sofia Stamou
This chapter introduces a personalized ranking function as a means of offering Web information seekers with search results that satisfy their... Sample PDF
Using Topic-Specific Ranks to Personalize Web Search
Chapter 19
Irene Lourdi, Mara Nikolaidou
his chapter presents basic guidelines for maintaining digital cultural collections in order for them to be interoperable and easily retrievable from... Sample PDF
Guidelines for Developing Digital Cultural Collections
Chapter 20
Neide Santos, Fernanda C.A. Campos, Regina M.M. Braga Villela
Nowadays, social, economical, cultural, and technological changes deeply stress the professional profiles. As a consequence, everyone needs to be... Sample PDF
Digital Libraries and Ontology
Chapter 21
Svenja Hagenhoff, Björn Ortelbach, Lutz Seidenfaden
Information and communication technologies seem to bring new dynamics to the established, but partly deadlocked, system of scholarly communication.... Sample PDF
A Classification Scheme for Innovative Types in Scholarly Communication
Chapter 22
Stefano Paolozzi, Fernando Ferri, Patrizia Grifoni
This chapter describes multimodality as a means of augmenting information retrieval activities in multimedia digital libraries. Multimodal... Sample PDF
Improving Multimedia Digital Libraries Usability Applying NLP Sentence Similarity to Multimodal Sentences
Chapter 23
Ana Kovacevic, Vladan Devedzic
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Duplicate Journal Title Detection in References
Chapter 24
Jin-Cheon Na, Tun Thura Thet, Dion Hoe-Lian Goh, Yin-Leng Theng, Schubert Foo
This chapter introduces word segmentation methods for Indo-China languages. It describes six different word segmentation methods developed for the... Sample PDF
Word Segmentation in Indo-China Languages for Digital Libraries
Chapter 25
Dion Hoe-Lian Goh, Khasfariyati Razikin, Alton Y.K. Chua, Chei Sian Lee, Schubert Foo
Social tagging is the process of assigning and sharing among users freely selected terms of resources. This approach enables users to... Sample PDF
On the Effectiveness of Social Tagging for Resource Discovery
Chapter 26
Taha Osman, Dhavalkumar Thakker, Gerald Schaefer
While many digital image libraries allow access to large repositories of images, unfortunately, often the provided free-text search returns... Sample PDF
Semantic Annotation and Retrieval of Images in Digital Libraries
Chapter 27
Ali Shiri
This chapter introduces a new category of digital library user interfaces called metadata-enhanced visual interfaces. Drawing on the earlier... Sample PDF
Metadata and Metaphors in Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries
Chapter 28
Judy Jeng
This chapter introduces the concept of usability and provides examples of how usability has been used in digital library evaluations. Usability is a... Sample PDF
Usability Evaluation of Digital Library
Chapter 29
Stephen Kimani, Emanuele Panizzi, Tiziana Catarci, Margerita Antona
The gathering of user requirements is key to the gaining of a deeper understanding of the needs evolving from the user’s operational context and... Sample PDF
Digital Library Requirements: A Questionnaire-Based Study
Chapter 30
Spyros Veronikis, Giannis Tsakonas, Christos Papatheodorou
The present chapter introduces digital library services’ utilization through handheld devices, such as personal digital assistants (PDAs) and... Sample PDF
Handhelds for Digital Libraries
Chapter 31
Mila M. Ramos, Luz Marina Alvaré, Cecilia Ferreyra, Peter Shelton
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The CGIAR Virtual Library Bridging the Gap Between Agricultural Research and Worldwide Users
Chapter 32
Robert Neumayer, Andreas Rauber
In this chapter, we introduce alternative ways to access digital audio collections. We give an overview of existing applications based on... Sample PDF
Map-Based User Interfaces for Music Information Retrieval
Chapter 33
Hideyasu Sasaki
In this chapter, we discuss the issues on patent and trade secret issues on digital libraries, especially patentable parameter-setting components... Sample PDF
Patent and Trade Secret in Digital Libraries
Chapter 34
Thomas Mandl
This chapter describes personalization strategies adopted in digital libraries. Personalization and individualization are introduced as means to... Sample PDF
User-Adapted Information Services
Chapter 35
Hepu Deng
Digital resources are readily available and easily accessible with the rapid development of information and communication technologies nowadays.... Sample PDF
An Empirical Analysis of the Utilization of University Digital Library Resources
Chapter 36
Gerald Schaefer, Simon Ruszala
Following the ever-growing sizes of image databases, effective methods for visualising such databases and navigating through them are much sought... Sample PDF
Visualisation of Large Image Databases
Chapter 37
Cláudio de Souza Baptista, Ulrich Schiel
A multimedia digital library copes with the storage and retrieval of resources of different media such as video, audio, maps, images, and text... Sample PDF
Towards Multimedia Digital Libraries
Chapter 38
Nuria Lloret Romero, Margarita Cabrera Méndez, Alicia Sellés Carot, Lilia Fernandez Aquino
The Biblioteca Valenciana was created by the decree 5/1985 of the 8th of January and is presented primarily as “upper library centre of the... Sample PDF
BIVALDI the Digital Library of the Valencian Bibliographic Inheritance
Chapter 39
Rubén Béjar, J. Nogueras-Iso, Miguel Ángel Latre, Pedro Rafael Muro-Medrano, F. J. Zarazaga-Soria
This chapter introduces Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) and establishes their strong conceptual and technical relationships with geographic... Sample PDF
Digital Libraries as a Foundation of Spatial Data Infrastructures
Chapter 40
O. Cantán Casbas, J. Nogueras-Iso, F. J. Zarazaga-Soria
A new collaboration paradigm is in order between Digital Libraries (DL) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). These important Information... Sample PDF
DL and GIS: Path to a New Collaboration Paradigm
Chapter 41
Piedad Garrido Picazo, Jesús Tramullas Saz, Manuel Coll Villalta
This chapter introduces digital libraries as a means of cultural heritage access and diffusion. It argues that digital libraries, combined with... Sample PDF
Digital Libraries Beyond Cultural Heritage Information
Chapter 42
Wan Ab. Kadir Wan Dollah, Diljit Singh
Information and communication technologies have been used to assist in various functions of library and information units. Digital reference... Sample PDF
Reference Services in Digital Environment
Chapter 43
Frances L. Lightsom, Alan O. Allwardt
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has developed three related digital libraries providing access to topical and georeferenced information for... Sample PDF
USGS Digital Libraries for Coastal and Marine Science
Chapter 44
Digital Preservation  (pages 431-440)
Stephan Strodl, Christoph Becker, Andreas Rauber
The rapid ongoing changes in software and hardware put digital information at risk. The challenge is to keep electronic data accessible, viewable... Sample PDF
Digital Preservation
Chapter 45
Gerald Schaefer
While image retrieval and image compression have been pursued separately in the past, compressed domain techniques, which allow processing or... Sample PDF
Visual Pattern Based Compressed Domain Image Retrieval
Chapter 46
Thomas Lidy, Andreas Rauber
This chapter provides an overview of the relatively young but increasingly important domain of Music Information Retrieval, an Information Retrieval... Sample PDF
Music Information Retrieval
Chapter 47
Juha Kettunen
This abstract describes the networked cooperation of the academic libraries and the consortium of the digital libraries of the Finnish universities... Sample PDF
The Strategic Plan of Digital Libraries
Chapter 48
Leonardo Bermón-Angarita, Antonio Amescua-Seco, Maria Isabel Sánchez-Segura, Javier García-Guzmán
This paper establishes the incorporation of knowledge management techniques as a means to improve actual software process asset libraries. It... Sample PDF
Software Process Asset Libraries Using Knowledge Repositories
Chapter 49
Lee Yen Han
In recent years, the development of information technologies and network distributions has brought about the creation of useful learning resources... Sample PDF
The Role and Integration of Digital Libraries in E-Learning
Chapter 50
Kanwal Ameen, Muhammad Rafiq
This chapter aims to discuss the development of digital libraries in Pakistan. It gives an account of the digital transformation taking place in the... Sample PDF
Development of Digital Libraries in Pakistan
Chapter 51
Seungwon Yang, Barbara M. Wildemuth, Jeffrey P. Pomerantz, Sanghee Oh
This chapter introduces the effort of developing a digital library (DL) curriculum by an interdisciplinary team from Virginia Tech and the... Sample PDF
Core Topics in Digital Library Education
Chapter 52
Natalie Pang
Using historical perspectives from ancient libraries in Europe, this chapter is focused on the core role of libraries as centres of knowledge.... Sample PDF
Digital Libraries as Centres of Knowledge: Historical Perspectives from European Ancient Libraries
Chapter 53
Wolfgang Ratzek
Triggered by a rapid diffusion of ICT within the last two decades, libraries have undergone a (r)evolutionary change in both mission and services.... Sample PDF
The European Approach Towards Digital Library Education: Dead End or Recipe for Success?
Chapter 54
Faisal Ahmad, Tamara Sumner, Holly Devaul
The limited scope of digital libraries can be attributed to the brick and mortar vision of the library metaphor. In order to extend scope of digital... Sample PDF
New Roles of Digital Libraries
Chapter 55
Yongqing Ma, Warwick Clegg, Ann O’Brien
In this entry, we review the history, development and current status of digital library (DL) courses and programmes now being offered, mainly by... Sample PDF
A Review of Progress in Digital Library Education
Chapter 56
Chang Chew-Hung, John G. Hedberg
While the prospect of using digital libraries for learning becomes more appealing with growing repositories of resources, it is not clear what... Sample PDF
The Future of Learning with Digital Libraries
Chapter 57
Michael B. Twidale, David M. Nichols
This chapter discusses the role of technology in digital library education. It explores how elements of computer science and library science can be... Sample PDF
Computational Sense for Digital Librarians
Chapter 58
Soh Whee Kheng Grace
Library digitization on a global basis is essential in the twenty-first century. The digital library development initiatives in most countries... Sample PDF
Digital Libraries Overview and Globalization
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