A Brief History of Networked Classrooms: Effects, Cases, Pedagogy, and Implications

A Brief History of Networked Classrooms: Effects, Cases, Pedagogy, and Implications

Louis Abrahamson (The Better Education Foundation, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-947-2.ch001
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The objective of this chapter is to explain the huge, burgeoning sense of excitement surrounding response systems, and more generally, networked classrooms today. Also why, for an idea apparently more than 40 years old, it took this long to happen! Beginning with a brief history of early response systems, it takes up the story from the author’s own experience, leading through hardware barriers, misconceptions about pedagogy, and classroom successes, to summarize the variety of uses, and how they lead to improved teaching and learning. It then discusses why this is such a potentially important area of study for improving education, and finally goes on to describe the emerging characteristics of, and rationale for, more powerful types of modern systems.

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Louis Abrahamson
The objective of this chapter is to explain the huge, burgeoning sense of excitement surrounding response systems, and more generally, networked... Sample PDF
A Brief History of Networked Classrooms: Effects, Cases, Pedagogy, and Implications
Chapter 2
Eugene Judson, Daiyo Sawada
Surprising to many is the knowledge that audience response systems have been in use since the 1960s. Reviewing the history of their use from the... Sample PDF
Audience Response Systems: Insipid Contrivances or Inspiring Tools?
Chapter 3
Ray A. Burnstein, Leon M. Lederman
This chapter reports the authors’ use and refinement of a wireless audience response system (ARS) over a 10-year period. The motivation for this... Sample PDF
The Use and Evolution of an Audience Response System
Chapter 4
Harold M. Horowitz
This chapter describes my 25-year journey and experience with audience response systems (ARS), starting with my first realization of the potential... Sample PDF
ARS Evoltion: Reflections and Recommendations
Chapter 5
Quintin Cutts
This chapter explores pedagogical and logistical issues arising from the extension, using an audience response system (ARS), of an existing module... Sample PDF
Practical Lessons from Four Years of Using an ARS in Every Lecture of a Large Class
Chapter 6
Sally Kift
This chapter discusses an innovative use of an audience response system (ARS) to address the vexed learning and teaching problem of how to manage... Sample PDF
Using an Audience Response System to Enhance Student Engagement in Large Group Orientation: A Law Faculty Case Study
Chapter 7
Ian D. Beatty, William J. Leonard, William J. Gerace, Robert J. Dufresne
Audience response systems (ARS) are a tool, not a magic bullet. How they are used, and how well they are integrated into a coherent pedagogical... Sample PDF
Question Driven Instruction: Teaching Science (Well) with an Audience Response System
Chapter 8
Steven M. Durbin, Kristi A. Durbin
As a means of improving student participation, an infrared remote based audience response system was trialled in a second-year introductory level... Sample PDF
Anonymous Polling in an Engineering Tutorial Environment: A Case Study
Chapter 9
Robert Webking, Felix Valenzuela
This chapter describes an approach that integrates audience response systems into the social science classroom. The pedagogy uses the technology to... Sample PDF
Using Audience Response Systems to Develop Critical Thinking Skills
Chapter 10
Kevin Hinde, Andrew Hunt
Recent increases in class size in higher education have focused more attention on the nature of the face-to-face learning experience. This chapter... Sample PDF
Using the Personal Response Systems to Enhance Student Learning: Some Evidence from Teaching Economics
Chapter 11
Gregor E. Kennedy, Quintin Cutts, Stephen W. Draper
This chapter provides practical advice on the evaluation of electronic voting systems (EVSs), particularly in relation to two evaluation methods. It... Sample PDF
Evaluating Electronic Voting Systems to Enhance Student Learning: Some Evidence from Teaching Economics
Chapter 12
Leslee F. Pelton, Timothy Pelton
This chapter examines two types of response technologies (selected and constructed) available to support discussion and participation in the... Sample PDF
Selected and Constructed Response Systems in Mathematics Classrooms
Chapter 13
William R. Penuel, Louis Abrahamson, Jeremy Roschelle
This paper explores the theoretical framework needed to explain observed effects of classrooms in which instructors use audience response systems.... Sample PDF
Theorizing the Transformed Classroom: Sociocultural Interpretation of the Effects of Audience Response Systems in Higher Education
Chapter 14
Jiankun Hu, Peter Bertok, Margaret Hamilton, Graeme White, Anita. Duff, Quintin Cutts
Lecturing large classes in tertiary education is always a challenge; one of the most difficult tasks being how to gauge students’ understanding.... Sample PDF
Wireless Interactive Teaching by Using Keypad-Based ARS
Chapter 15
Vivienne O’Connor, Michele Groves, Sandy Minck
There are general, educational benefits of audience response systems (ARS), although relatively little application (or evaluation) in medical... Sample PDF
The Audience Response System: A New Resource in Medical Education
Chapter 16
Sam Groves, Tony Gear, Cath Jones, Michael Connolly, Martin Read
This chapter explores the process of making individual judgements within a group meeting environment that employs a “low-impact” form of group... Sample PDF
Learning and Anxiety: Exploring Individual Judgement Processes in a Learning Environment with a Group Support System
Chapter 17
Kelley Burton
This chapter provides a case study of how a lecturer in the School of Law at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) used an audience response... Sample PDF
The Trial of an Audience Response System to Facilitate Problem-Based Learning in Legal Education
Chapter 18
Michael McCabe
This chapter presents an overview of audience response systems as tools for promoting learning in an interactive classroom. The comparison with a... Sample PDF
Live Assessment by Questioning in an Interactive Classroom
Chapter 19
Jim Boyle
Eight years ago, the Department decided to embark upon a radical change to its first-year teaching. A core feature of that change was the... Sample PDF
Eight Years of Asking Questions
Chapter 20
Mick Wood
The University of Central Lancashire (UCLAN) undertook an “interactive response system” (IRS) pilot scheme using IML Question Wizard (IML), complete... Sample PDF
Interactive Response Systems in Higher Education
Chapter 21
Stephen J. Bostock, Julie A. Hulme, Mark A. Davys
This chapter describes an innovation supporting interaction between a teacher, and a student group. It argues that there are five modes of... Sample PDF
CommuniCubes: Intermediate Technology for Interaction with Student Groups
Chapter 22
Tim Pelton, Leslee Francis Pelton
This chapter describes the design and development of a constructed response system. The classroom interaction system (CIS) is a retro-hybrid... Sample PDF
Creating a Constructed Response System to Support Active Learning
Chapter 23
Jay Dominick, Anne Bishop
This chapter describes a new class of audience response systems: an instructor mobile audience response system, or IMARS. While the typical ARS... Sample PDF
Instructor Mobile Audience Response System
Chapter 24
Matt Jones, Gary Marsden, Dominic Gruijters
This chapter investigates how to create ad hoc audience response systems using nonspecialist devices. The chapter revolves around two case studies... Sample PDF
Using Mobile Phones and PDAs in Ad Hoc Audience Response Systems
Chapter 25
David A. Banks
Audience response systems are typically used with large groups of students, often in lecture theatre settings. This chapter reflects on 10 years of... Sample PDF
Reflections on the Use of ARS with Small Groups
About the Authors