A census is an official count. It can be contrasted with sampling in which information is only obtained from a subset of a population. As such, it is a ethod used for accumulating statistical data, and it is also vital to democracy (voting). Census data is also commonly used for research, business marketing, and planning purposes. In New Zealand a census is held every five years. It is a snapshot on the chosen day when the number of people and dwellings (houses, flats, apartments) counted. Everyone in the country on that day is asked to complete census forms. There are two census forms. The blue individual form must be completed by everyone in your household on census day. The brown dwelling form must be completed by one person in our household. For the 2006 census an option was introduced to complete the forms on the Internet. Other initiatives included sending text messages about this process, amongst other things to the enumerators (collectors) whose job it is to collate the information in the field.
Key Terms in this Chapter
Hi-Five: During the census delivery phase enumerators had queue cards to prompt them to ask five questions of the householder. They were their name, the address, how many dwellings there were on the property, whether they wanted the English or Maori/English census form and whether they wanted to do the census using the Internet option.
District/Sub-District: An administrative area used in the census. There were 412 such districts in the country. Each district had up to 25 sub-districts, each assigned to a enumerator.
Internet ID: The household ID (district, sub-district, meshblock and dwelling) would form the Internet ID for the entire household. The components are 3,2,2,3 digits long respectively. A check letter is appended to this code.
Meshblock: The lowest unit at which aggregate statistical information is recorded.
E-Consultation: An interactive facility provided by local authority Web sites to allow citizens register and communicate by e-mail with their councilors.
Census: This census is a snapshot on the chosen day when we count how many people and dwellings (houses, flats, apartments) there are.
PIN: A personal identification number (PIN) is a secret shared between a user and a system that can be used to authenticate the user to the system. Typically, the user is required to provide a non-confidential user identifier or token (such as a banking card) and a confidential PIN to gain access to the system. Upon receiving the User ID and PIN, the system looks up the PIN based upon the User ID and compares the looked-up PIN with the received PIN. If they match, then the user is granted access. If they do not match, then the user is not granted access.
Sampling: Information is only obtained from a subset of a population, in comparison with a census that attempts to obtain a 100 percent ‘sample.’
E-Government Strategy: E-government is about using new technology (e.g. computers and the Internet) to improve the way central and local government deliver their services, communicate, consult and work with others. Under this strategy, the Government’s aim is to create a public sector that is structured, resourced and managed to perform in a manner that meets the needs of citizens in the information age and which increasingly delivers information and services using online capabilities.
Enumerator: Also called a “Collector” these people are each assigned to a subdistrict comprising several meshblocks. The process of delivering, collecting and collating the forms is referred to as “enumeration”.
E-Democracy: An interactive facility provided on the local authority Web sites for citizens to register and vote online. It also encompasses the use of ICT and computer-mediated communication, such as the Internet, interactive broadcasting and digital telephony, to enhance political democracy or the participation of citizens (Hacker and van Dijk, 2000, p1).
Global Positioning System: A GPS can be used to check your location. Thus in conjunction with an electronic notebook the position of dwellings can be recorded accurately. This would minimise mapping errors in the census.
Complete Chapter List
Rhoda C. Joseph, David P. Kitlan
Pearson Liddell Jr., Robert S. Moore, Melissa Moore, William D. Eshee, Gloria J. Liddell
Rodrigo Sandoval-Almazán, J. Ramon Gil-Garcia
Stephen K. Aikins
Andrea B. Baker, J. Ramon Gil-Garcia, Donna Canestraro, Jim Costello, Derek Werthmuller
Larry Stillman, Randy Stoecker
Chee Wei Phang, Atreyi Kankanhalli
Ioannis P. Chochliouros, Anastasia S. Spiliopoulou, Stergios P. Chochliouros
Donald F. Norris
Christopher G. Reddick
Dimitrios K. Kardaras, Eleutherios A. Papathanassiou
Giorgos Laskaridis, Konstantinos Markellos, Penelope Markellou, Angeliki Panayiotaki
Alex Dunayev, John Paynter
John Paynter, Gabrielle Peko
Mirko Cesarini, Mariagrazia Fugini, Mario Mezzanzanica, Krysnaia Nanini
Sheng-Uei Guan, Yuan Sherng Tay
Vesile Evrim, Dennis McLeod
J. Ramon Gil-Garcia
Eleutherios A. Papathanassiou, Xenia J. Mamakou
Lourdes Moreno, Elena Castro, Dolores Cuadra, Paloma Martinez
Giovanni Maria Sacco
Alfred P. Rovai, Emery M. Petchauer
Esharenana E. Adomi
Carlos Nunes Silva
Jimmie L. Joseph, David P. Cook
Lia Bryant, Iolanda Principe
Eugene J. Akers
Shahidul Hassan, J. Ramon Gil-Garcia
J. Ramon Gil-Garcia, Shahidul Hassan
Jimmie L Joseph
Stephen K. Aikins
Anthony W. Buenger
Ludwig Slusky, Parviz Partow-Navid
Amalia Agathou, Theodoros Tzouramanis
Luis Felipe Luna-Reyes
Luis Felipe Luna-Reyes
Hsiang-Jui Kung, Hui-Lien Tung
Bruce J. Neubauer
Anton Joha, Marijn Janssen
John Wang, Xiaohua Hu, Dan Zhu
Baoying Wang, Imad Rahal, Richard Leipold
Sindoni Giuseppe, Tininini Leonardo
Maria Vardaki, Haralambos Papageorgiou
Feng Xu, Yu-Jin Zhang
Lixin Fu, Wen-Chen Hu
Vincent E. Lasnik
Stephen K. Aikins
Gabriel Puron-Cid, J. Ramon Gil-Garcia
Craig P. Orgeron
Gerald Grant, Derek Chau
Nancy Weigand, Isabel F. Cruz, Naijun Zhou, William Sunna
James Melitski, Marc Holzer, Seang-Tae Kim, Chan-Gun Kim, Seung-Yong Rho
Genie N.L. Stowers
B. Rossi, M. Scotto, A. Sillitti, G. Succi
Chan-Gon Kim, Marc Holzer
Luis F. Luna-Reyes, J. Ramon Gil-Garcia, Cinthia Betiny Cruz
Monideepa Tarafdar, Sanjiv D. Vaidya