Civilization Life Cycle: Introduction

Civilization Life Cycle: Introduction

Andrew Targowski (Haworth College of Business, USA)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-004-2.ch002
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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to define the role of civilization’s critical powers in the civilization life cycle. The role of information-communication processes is particularly crucial in this quest. The terms “rise” and “fall” of civilization reflect this chronic issue in comparative civilization studies. Spengler, in his book The Decline of the West (1918), argued that all cultures are subject to the same cycle of growth and decay in accordance with predetermined “historical destiny.” Toynbee in his Study of History (1934), compared civilizations to organisms and perceived their existence in a life cycle of four stages: genesis, growth, breakdown, and disintegration. A mechanism of “challenge-response” facing civilizations influences their abilities at self-determination and self-direction. However, according to him, all civilizations that grow eventually reach a peak, from which they begin to decline. It seems that Toynbee’s civilization life cycle is too short, since his “breakdown of growth” phase is in fact a point in time and the “disintegration” phase is too pessimistic in its title, only perceiving the “universal state,” often under a form of “empire,” as an ancient regime which only wants to maintain the status quo and is doomed to fail. But history shows that some civilizations may last a long time in relatively good shape without being in imminent danger of disintegration. Sorokin argued in Social and Cultural Dynamics (1937) that three cultural mentalities, ideational (spiritual needs and goals), sensate (“wine, women, and song”), and idealistic (a balance of needs and ends) are the central organizing principles of a civilization’s life cycle, and that they succeed each other always in the same order according to super-rhythms of history. According to Sorokin, Western civilization has for the last 500 years been in the sensate stage, reaching now its limit, and will soon pass to the next idealistic stage (which, according to this author, could be the universal civilization).

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Table of Contents
Acknowledgment
Andrew Targowski
Chapter 1
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this study is to develop a comprehensive model of generic civilizations and world civilization, applying the cybernetic technique of... Sample PDF
The Civilization Grand Model
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Chapter 2
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this study is to define the role of civilization’s critical powers in the civilization life cycle. The role of... Sample PDF
Civilization Life Cycle: Introduction
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Chapter 3
The Civilization Index  (pages 62-77)
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this chapter is to define energy levels of civilizations, particularly in respect to a role of information-communication processes.... Sample PDF
The Civilization Index
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Chapter 4
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this chapter is to evaluate a role of information-communication (INFOCO) processes in human development according to the following... Sample PDF
(A) Liberating the Future from the Past
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Chapter 5
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this chapter is to define intrinsic values of information-communication processes in human development. The development of... Sample PDF
(B) Liberating the Past from the Future
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Chapter 6
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this chapter is to investigate whether we humans are wise enough to save our civilization from threats of internal conflicts and... Sample PDF
Will Wisdom Save the Human Project?
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Chapter 7
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this chapter is to define processes triggering the emergence of global civilization at the beginning of the 21st century. In... Sample PDF
From Global to Universal-Complementary Civilization
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Chapter 8
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this chapter is to define information- based tools for the study of the human story in order to “informate” traditional historic... Sample PDF
Theory of Critical Total History of Civilization
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Chapter 9
Andrew Targowski
This chapter will attempt to analyze the cumulative evolution of labor, intellect (information & knowledge), and politics. In pursuit of this aim... Sample PDF
The Information Wave of Civilization
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Chapter 10
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this chapter is to define information, mainly in terms of cognition units, and also to find out its other perspectives and images.... Sample PDF
Information and Organization
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Chapter 11
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this chapter is to define a scope of service science and service automation in service economy based on ideal generic service systems... Sample PDF
Service Science and Automation Laws
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Chapter 12
Information Laws  (pages 277-288)
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this chapter is to define information laws which control the development of the global and universal civilizations as well as... Sample PDF
Information Laws
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Chapter 13
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this chapter is to define the architecture of information-communication systems which play key roles in the development of the... Sample PDF
The Electronic Global Village
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Chapter 14
Information Societies  (pages 311-343)
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this chapter is to define the evolution and key indicators of the information society that is being triggered by the Information Wave... Sample PDF
Information Societies
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Chapter 15
Asymmetric Communication  (pages 345-362)
Andrew Targowski
This chapter defines a framework for the crosscultural communication process, including efficiency and cost. The framework provides some directions... Sample PDF
Asymmetric Communication
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Chapter 16
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this chapter is to define the dynamics of the economic infrastructure, which supports any civilization and defines the modus operandi... Sample PDF
Civilization Market Integration
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Chapter 17
Andrew Targowski
The purpose of this chapter is the investigation whether human civilization has much of a future on the Earth. This investigation is partially based... Sample PDF
The Future of Civilization
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Chapter 18
Andrew Targowski
For years, the construction of the universe has occupied the best minds of theologians and scientists. The first modern breakthrough was made by... Sample PDF
The Information Architecture of the Universe
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About the Contributors