Development of KABISA: A Computer-Based Training Program for Clinical Diagnosis in Developing Countries
Jef Van den Ende (Institute of Tropical Medicine, Belgium), Stefano Laganà (Ospedale Sacro Cuore at Negrar, Italy), Koenraad Blot (Pfizer Canada Inc., Canada), Zeno Bisoffi (Sacro Cuore Hospital at Negrar, Italy), Erwin Van den Enden (Institute of Tropical Medicine, Belgium), Louis Vermeulen (Institute of Tropical Medicine, Belgium) and Luc Kestens (University of Antwerp, Belgium)
Copyright: © 2008
KABISA is a computer-based program for training in diagnostic problems in (sub-) tropical regions. It challenges the individual student with a randomly generated case, for which he should try to find the diagnosis, asking questions, performing a physical examination, and ordering tests. The built-in tutor follows the student’s input with complex logical algorithms and mathematical computations, gives comments and support, and accepts the final diagnosis if sufficient evidence has been built up. Several problems arose with the development. In the first place, the evolution in the teaching of clinical logic is always ahead of the program, so regular updating of the computer logic is necessary. Secondly, the choice of MS Access as computer language has provoked problems of stability, especially the installation of an MSAccess runtime. Thirdly, and most importantly, scholars want proof of the added value of computer programs over classical teaching. Moreover, the concept of a pedagogical “game” is often regarded as childish. Finally, the planning and financing of an “open-ended” pedagogical project is questioned by deciders, as is the case with all operational research.