Energy, Environment and Socio-Economic Development: Africa’s Triple Challenge and Options

Energy, Environment and Socio-Economic Development: Africa’s Triple Challenge and Options

Divine Odame Appiah (Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana) and Francis Kemausuor (Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0882-5.ch203
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This chapter espouses the spatial relationships between energy, environment and socio-economic development, as some of the main challenges African countries are grappling with. Energy is the main driver of all forms of socio-economic activities occurring within the human space over time. In Africa, however, low access to energy has, to a greater extent, hampered the socio-economic development of the continent. Although the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) do not specifically stipulate on any energy target, the realization of all the goals stands threatened if households, commercial and industrial activities do not get the rightful access in terms of availability and affordability to energy systems, including their appropriate conversion technologies. The authors explore the dynamics of energy, socio-economic development and environmental sustainability in a nexus of the triple challenges facing Africa, from different African scenarios. In Africa, the obstacles opposing the continent’s bid to expand the energy frontiers from the traditional sources of wood and fossil fuels into other second and third generation energy forms have been constructed in the areas of intense competition for arable lands for food crops and feed stocks cultivation. Suffice to say that increasing population densities, food shortages and insecurity and malnutrition with associated diseases have culminated into acute forms of poverty in recent years in Africa; the problems have been aggravated by the wanton degradation of the environmental resource base and the over-dependence of particular energy mix at both the rural and the urban settings. The above disposition therefore, militates greatly against the socio-economic efforts of most countries in sub-Saharan Africa. From a systemic perspective, the energy sector which drives almost every sub-sector of the broader socio-economic activity needs to factor the environmental consequences of extraction and use, with the attending impacts of climate variability and change in a vicious cycle of sustainability.

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Sherif Kamel, Dina Rateb
Emerging information and communication technology (ICT) is setting the pace for a changing, competitive and dynamic global marketplace and... Sample PDF
ICT Strategy for Development: Lessons Learnt from the Egyptian Experience in Developing Public-Private Partnerships
Chapter 2
Laure Heland
This contribution concerns the planning process applicable to sustainable urban neighbourhoods whose increasing number in Europe appears to be... Sample PDF
Local Commitment: An Approach to Sustainable Neighbourhood Renewal?
Chapter 3
Kenneth Pigg
Much rhetoric has been expended by researchers and advocates alike regarding the transformational effects of information communication technology... Sample PDF
Information Communication Technology and Its Impact on Rural Community Economic Development
Chapter 4
Taiwo E. Mafimisebi
Africa’s economic development will result from conscious efforts directed towards diversification and increased productivity in its low-performing... Sample PDF
Technology Adoption and Economic Development: Trajectories within the African Agricultural Industry
Chapter 5
Heli Virta, Kaisu Puumalainen, Anni Tuppura
This chapter investigates the influence of mobile phone penetration on economic growth in developing economies. It is widely agreed that... Sample PDF
Mobile Telephony and Economic Growth in Developing Economies
Chapter 6
Agustín J. Sánchez Medina
Nowadays it seems to be widely accepted that a multinational company has many different environmental, economic or social impacts on a territory.... Sample PDF
Multinational Companies and their Link to the Intellectual Capital of Territories: A Proposal of a Tool to Evaluate the Sustainable Development of the Region through its Intangible Assets
Chapter 7
Albena Antonova
The chapter proposes a complex model for companies to enhance their value offering, through optimization of services, value co-creation, and... Sample PDF
Service Science, Value Creation, and Sustainable Development: Understanding Service-Based Business Models for Sustainable Future
Chapter 8
Mark Potts, George M. Puia
Entrepreneurship research posits that high potential new firms are the leading source of employment growth (Acs et al., 2008), wealth creation... Sample PDF
Entrepreneurship in the European Union: Unified Is Not Uniform
Chapter 9
Nicholas Maynard
A country’s national technology strategies can be an important contributor to economic development through its support of technology adoption and by... Sample PDF
The Evolution of ICT Institutions in Thailand and Malaysia
Chapter 10
Behrooz Shahmoradi
During the last two decades, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has become increasingly important in the developing world, with a growing number of... Sample PDF
Regional and Sectoral Disparities in Inflow of FDI in India: An Empirical Analysis
Chapter 11
Jirí Krupka, Miloslava Kašparová, Pavel Jirava, Jan Mandys
The chapter presents the problem of quality of life modeling in the Czech Republic based on classification methods. It concerns a comparison of... Sample PDF
Quality of Life Modeling at the Regional Level
Chapter 12
Renáta Myšková, Ivana Linkeová
The economic development of a region depends on a number of factors which influence it mainly bases in a macro-economic aspect. Each region has its... Sample PDF
Modeling of the Economic Development of a Region
Chapter 13
Murad Tiryakioglu, Sinan Alcin
Regional innovation strategies which emerged during the mid 90s and were implemented especially in the developing regions of the world are... Sample PDF
Regional Innovation Strategies: Europe and Turkey
Chapter 14
Divine Odame Appiah, Francis Kemausuor
This chapter espouses the spatial relationships between energy, environment and socio-economic development, as some of the main challenges African... Sample PDF
Energy, Environment and Socio-Economic Development: Africa’s Triple Challenge and Options
Chapter 15
Antonio Lerro, Giovanni Schiuma
This chapter aims to present a conceptual model aimed to understand the Intellectual Capital-based (IC) characteristics of the regional innovation... Sample PDF
The Regional Innovation Capacity Model
Chapter 16
M. Pscheidt, Th.P. van der Weide
The study is motivated by the context encountered in a development aid project with the aim to develop and implement an academic registration and... Sample PDF
Bridging the Digital Divide by Open Source: A Theoretical Model of Best Practice
Chapter 17
Meike Schmehl, Swantje Eigner-Thiel, Jens Ibendorf, Martina Hesse, Jutta Geldermann
From an environmental, economic, social, and technical perspective, this chapter focuses on a sustainability assessment of concepts for the... Sample PDF
Development of an Information System for the Assessment of Different Bioenergy Concepts Regarding Sustainable Development
Chapter 18
Stefano Pascucci, Nico Polman, Louis Slangen
The aim of this chapter is to develop an institutional framework for analyzing and improving sustainability. More specifically we discuss (i)... Sample PDF
Institutional Framework for Analyzing Sustainability in European Agriculture and Rural Areas
Chapter 19
Miroljub Kljajic, Mirjana Kljajic Borštnar, Andrej Škraba, Davorin Kofjac
In this chapter, the authors discuss system dynamics (SD) as a research methodology in Information Systems (IS). The goal is to demonstrate the... Sample PDF
System Approach to MIS and DSS and its Modeling within SD
Chapter 20
George M. Korres, Aikaterini Kokkinou
The purpose of this chapter is to analyse and examine the evaluation and the development of Community’s policy and how it can be implemented to... Sample PDF
Reviewing the European Innovation Activities and Industrial Competitiveness
Chapter 21
G. Poyya Moli
Tourism has emerged as one of the world’s largest industries and a fast growing economic sector. The Asian region attracts a growing number of... Sample PDF
Community Based Eco Cultural Heritage Tourism for Sustainable Development in the Asian Region: A Conceptual Framework
Chapter 22
Jesper Schlæger
This chapter explores the role of m-government in Western China development. Bureaucracy has been identified as a barrier for economic development... Sample PDF
The Role of M-Government in Western China Development
Chapter 23
Mohinder C. Dhiman, Arvind Kumar Dubey
The issues surrounding the understanding and practice of sustainability in tourism are becoming increasingly important to both academicians and... Sample PDF
Sustainable Tourism Development in India: An Empirical Examination of Stakeholders’ Perceptions
Chapter 24
Emmanuel C. Alozie
This study explores Nigeria’s e-agriculture policies and those of other African governments. It also proposes what e-agricultural strategies these... Sample PDF
Agriculture, Communication, and Socioeconomic Development: A Proposal for e-Agriculture in Nigeria
Chapter 25
Abdeen Mustafa Omer
The increased availability of reliable and efficient energy services stimulates new development alternatives. This article discusses the potential... Sample PDF
Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development
Chapter 26
Konstantinos Voudouris, Maurizio Polemio, Nerantzis Kazakis, Angelo Sifaleras
The availability of quality water is a basic condition of socioeconomic development. The agriculture water demand can be damaged by contamination of... Sample PDF
An Agricultural Decision Support System for Optimal Land Use Regarding Groundwater Vulnerability
Chapter 27
Tim Cadman, Margee Hume
Achieving sustainable consumption and sustainable living is a response to the scientific and international communities’ concern that the world is... Sample PDF
Developing Sustainable Governance Systems for Regional Sustainability Programmes and ‘Green’ Business Practices: The Case of ‘Green’ Timber
Chapter 28
Giuseppe Borruso
In this paper the attention is drawn on GIS as a support for energy choices for a sustainable development. Given the growing pressures for... Sample PDF
Geographical Information Systems for Biomass Estimate and the Search for Renewable Energy Sources
Chapter 29
David L. Rainey
This chapter presents the foundations of a conceptual model for connecting the key elements necessary for corporations to adopt sustainability in... Sample PDF
A Model for Improving the Adoption of Sustainability in the Context of Globalization and Innovation
Chapter 30
Lisa Brouwers, Magnus Boman
A geographically explicit flood simulation model was designed and implemented as a tool for policy making support, illustrated here with two simple... Sample PDF
A Computational Agent Model of Flood Management Strategies
Chapter 31
Elias Carayannis, David F.J. Campbell
This article develops an inter-disciplinary and trans-disciplinary framework of analysis that relates knowledge, innovation and the environment... Sample PDF
Triple Helix, Quadruple Helix and Quintuple Helix and How Do Knowledge, Innovation and the Environment Relate To Each Other?: A Proposed Framework for a Trans-disciplinary Analysis of Sustainable Development and Social Ecology
Chapter 32
P. R. Blackwell, Darrel McDonald
During the past 20 years, the role of geospatial technology in society has increased dramatically. However, the impact of these technologies in... Sample PDF
The Columbia Regional Geospatial Service Center System: A Proven Model for the United States
Chapter 33
Laura Hosman
This chapter presents a unique national initiative: Macedonia Connects, a multi-partner, scaled ICT-for-education project wherein every school... Sample PDF
A National ICT-in-Education Initiative: Macedonia Connects
Chapter 34
Caroline Pade Khane, Ingrid Siebörger, Hannah Thinyane, Lorenzo Dalvit
Rural development and poverty alleviation are a priority for development in South Africa. Information and knowledge are key strategic resources for... Sample PDF
The Siyakhula Living Lab: A Holistic Approach to Rural Development through ICT in Rural South Africa
Chapter 35
Konstantinos N. Baginetas
The past 20 years have seen the rapid expansion of one development theory, that of sustainable development. This theory provided the opportunity for... Sample PDF
Sustainable Management of Agricultural Resources and the Need for Stakeholder Participation for the Developing of Appropriate Sustainability Indicators: The Case of Soil Quality
Chapter 36
Adekunle Okunoye, Nancy Bertaux, Abiodun O. Bada, Elaine Crable, James Brodzinski
This essay presents a case study of Information Technology (IT) education as a contributor to economic and human development in rural Nigeria. The... Sample PDF
A Case Study of Information Technology Education and Economic Development in Rural Nigeria
Chapter 37
Fasil Taddese, Hiroshi Osada
Challenged with intense market competition, developing countries are searching for methods to ensure sustainable development through business... Sample PDF
TQM for Sustainable Development through NPD in Developing Countries
Chapter 38
Vinay Chauhan
Tourism is a socio-economic activity and has evolved into one of the largest and fastest growing industries of the world. While the economic... Sample PDF
Sustainable Development of Pilgrimage Tourism in Jammu Region: An Investigation of Rural Residents’ Attitude
Chapter 39
Drago Cvijanovic, Ivan Milojevic, Radovan Pejanovic
Information and communication technology is an initiating and driving force behind economic development. The contribution of the ICT sector is in... Sample PDF
Macroeconomic Factors of Competitiveness of Serbian Economy and ICT Sector
Chapter 40
Françoise Adreit, Pascal Roggero, Christophe Sibertin-Blanc, Claude Vautier
This paper presents a theoretical and methodological framework to take into consideration the social dimension in a sustainable development project.... Sample PDF
Using Soclab for a Rigorous Assessment of the Social Feasibility of Agricultural Policies
Chapter 41
Timothy Ehlinger, Lucica Tofan, Mirela Bucur, Jill Enz, Jason Carlson, Richard Shaker
This chapter presents an approach for the development of a decision-support process for sustainable development planning. The Indicator Scoring... Sample PDF
Application of a Participatory Ex Ante Assessment Model for Environmental Governance and Visualizing Sustainable Redevelopment in Gorj County, Romania
Chapter 42
K. P. Joo
The rural communities in South Korea have faced serious challenges as the country has gradually opened the agricultural market and extended the... Sample PDF
ICT-Supported Education for Sustainable Development of South Korean Rural Communities
Chapter 43
Abdelnasser Abdelaal
This chapter addresses the adoption of Internet applications by an Arab Student Association in North America (ASANA)1. ASANA uses the Internet to... Sample PDF
The Adoption of the Internet to Support Arab Academics
Chapter 44
Purnendu Tripathi, Siran Mukerji
The ODL institutions need to have a competitive strategy so as to provide quality education at an affordable cost. This makes India a special case... Sample PDF
Strategic Framework for Sustainable Development of Open and Distance Learning Programs in India: Marketing Perspective
Chapter 45
Seda H. Bostanci
The eco-municipality models and municipal applications for sustainability are criticized for not yet finding a sustainable development model for... Sample PDF
Eco-Municipalities and Municipal Applications for Sustainability
Chapter 46
Luís Carvalho
This chapter is concerned with the recursive conflation between the concept of city competitiveness in ICT and different versions of the “knowledge... Sample PDF
Urban Competitiveness, U-City Strategies and the Development of Technological Niches in Songdo, South Korea
Chapter 47
Aikaterini Kokkinou
This chapter focuses on the actors of knowledge, innovation and entrepreneurship, as comparative advantages towards regional sustainable... Sample PDF
Innovation Policy, Competitiveness, and Growth: Towards Convergence or Divergence?
Chapter 48
Helga Pülzl, Doris Wydra
Since the Brundtland report the world is still struggling to solve the riddle of sustainability. If there is no “blueprint” for implementing... Sample PDF
The Evaluation of the Implementation of Sustainability Norms: An Exercise for Experts or Citizens?
Chapter 49
Liang Chen, Anna Wiewiora, Bambang Trigunarsyah
In sustainable development projects, as well as other types of projects, knowledge transfer is important for the organisations managing the project.... Sample PDF
Project-Based Organisations: Overcoming Lack of Trust and Social Networks Within Small and Medium Project Teams
Chapter 50
Richard Chalfen, Michael Rich
The chapter presents findings from recent studies that feature a model of doctor-patient collaboration called Video Intervention/Prevention... Sample PDF
Sharing Information about the Pain: Patient-Doctor Collaboration in Therapy and Research
Chapter 51
Elke Perl-Vorbach
The collection, managing and communication of environmental information are nowadays seen as an essential prerequisite for sustainable development.... Sample PDF
Communicating Environmental Information on a Company and Inter-Organizational Level
Chapter 52
Qiong He
By introducing nonlinear technology gap into Jones (1995b), this chapter constructs an R&D non-scale growth model that includes endogenous human... Sample PDF
Dynamics in a Non-Scale R&D Endogenous Economic Growth for Chinese Development
Chapter 53
S. Ann Becker, Robert Keimer, Tim Muth
Small businesses are viewed as the backbone of America and integral in the recovery of any economic downturn. Creative approaches to university and... Sample PDF
A Case on University and Community Collaboration: The Sci-Tech Entrepreneurial Training Services (ETS) Program
Chapter 54
Lorenza Tiberio, Massimiliano Scopelliti, Maria Vittoria Giuliani
Nursing homes provide long-term care services and can help preserve the quality of life of elderly people subject to physical and cognitive... Sample PDF
Attitudes Toward Intelligent Technologies: Elderly People and Caregivers in Nursing Homes
Chapter 55
Enovwor Laura Ogbah
This chapter focuses on the objectives, issues and influencing factors of national ICT policies in developing countries. It points out how policy... Sample PDF
ICT Policies in Developing Countries: Objectives, Issues and Influencing Factors
Chapter 56
Kutoma Jacqueline Wakunuma-Zojer
This chapter pays attention to the role that ICT policy and gender play in the drive for development and empowerment. Particular focus is on Zambia... Sample PDF
Gender and ICT Policy for Development and Empowerment: A Critique of a National ICT Policy
Chapter 57
Valerie Zhu, Linyan Sun
In the past three decades, Chinese economy has been arresting the worldwide attention for its double-digit growth rate. Playing a leading part in... Sample PDF
Chinese Manufacturing: Renovation or Rebuilding?
Chapter 58
Michela Cozza
In this chapter the mutual shaping of the technology and gender is analyzed in relation to the phenomenon of gender digital divide. The discussion... Sample PDF
Gender and Technology: Mind The Gap!
Chapter 59
Sajda Qureshi, Peter Keen, Mehruz Kamal
Organizations are increasingly inter-connected as they source talent, goods and services from other organizations located in disparate parts of the... Sample PDF
Business Models for Development: The Global Capability Sourcing Model
Chapter 60
Yvonne Costin
The advancing pace of women’s entrepreneurial activity across the globe is a promising trend to fuel economic development and social progress... Sample PDF
ICT as an Enabler for Small Firm Growth: The Case of the Mompreneur
Chapter 61
Rauno Rusko
This study introduces geographical viewpoints for supply chain management (SCM) focusing on the branch of information communication technology (ICT)... Sample PDF
Supply Chain Management in the Context of Economic Area: Case Study for the Development of ICT Branch in the City of Oulu
Chapter 62
Sherif Kamel
The information and communication technology (ICT) evolution is aggressively affecting many nations around the world, forcing changes and... Sample PDF
Electronic Commerce Prospects in Emerging Economies: Lessons from Egypt
Chapter 63
Antonio Caperna
This chapter analyses the Information and Communication Technologies (hereafter referred to as ICT) phenomenon, the opportunities it offers, the... Sample PDF
Integrating ICT into Sustainable Local Policies
Chapter 64
Prateek Shrivastava
Globally, only about a sixth of the 3 billion poor people of working age currently have access to formal financial services. This translates to 17%... Sample PDF
Predicting the Attitude toward Mobile Financial Services in Developing Countries
Chapter 65
Maria da Conceição Cunha
Wastewater systems are very important environmental systems. They should be carefully planned and managed to contribute to a more sustainable... Sample PDF
Wastewater Systems Management at the Regional Level
Chapter 66
Louis O. Osuji
Trade between nations is very crucial in the process of economic and technological growth. Directly or indirectly, trade facilitates the process of... Sample PDF
Trade Policies and Development of Technology in Africa
Chapter 67
Suwithida Charungkaittikul
This study uses a prospective qualitative approach. The Ethnographic Delphi Futures Research (EDFR) technique is used to propose a learning society... Sample PDF
The Scenario of a Learning Society Model Toward Promoting a Positive Paradigm Shift for Communities
Chapter 68
Huifeng Li, Xuanwei Zhang
Since the industrial age, along with the promotion of economic development, problems of ecological destruction and environmental pollution are... Sample PDF
Study on Environmental Tax: A Case of China
Chapter 69
Peter A. Kwaku Kyem
There is a considerable debate about how the technological gap between rich and poor countries of the world can be bridged or eliminated.... Sample PDF
A New Development Opportunity Confronts Old Paradigms: Exploring the Multiplicity Theory to Combat the Global Digital Divide
Chapter 70
Abby Spinak, Federico Casalegno
This chapter explores how information and communication technology (ICT) can be used in urban sustainability planning to encourage more ecologically... Sample PDF
Sustainable and Equitable Urbanism: The Role of ICT in Ecological Culture Change and Poverty Alleviation
Chapter 71
Mary S. Jackson, Heather M. Jackson
Technology plays a very important role in the world. Therefore if some individuals or groups have no access or very limited access to technological... Sample PDF
Social Justice, America, & African American Children: 21st Century Challenges of Disparities in Health Care and Education
Chapter 72
Jo E. Williamson
Technology is often touted as a means for providing new opportunities for learning, economic development, and participation in digital-age... Sample PDF
Digital Equity in Schools: An Overview of Current Trends
Chapter 73
Chase Laurelle Knowles
Since the conclusion of World War II, efforts to develop the so-called Third World have taken a variety of paths. In light of the multiplicity of... Sample PDF
The Mirror Meta-Principle: Creating the Context for Culturally Sustainable Development Informatics
Chapter 74
Hamid Nemati, Amna Latif
Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are an important factor in the socio-economic development of transitioning and developing... Sample PDF
The Unintended Consequence: The Symbiotic Relationship between ICT and a National Transition
Chapter 75
Stephen Mutula
The debate about whether the digital divide between Africa and the developed world is narrowing or widening has intensified over the last five... Sample PDF
Deconstructing the ‘Digital Divide’ In Africa
Chapter 76
Adnan Kaplan
This chapter aims at exploring and conceptualizing green infrastructure (GI) as a comprehensive system in planning schemes of metropolitan cities... Sample PDF
“Green Infrastructure” Concept as an Effective Medium to Manipulating Sustainable Urban Development
Chapter 77
Nicholas Maynard, Aaron McKethan, Michael I. Luger, Alekhya Uppalapati
In the United States, many chronically depressed counties are adjacent to their state’s border. This article explores how some non-urban counties... Sample PDF
Crossing Borders: Overcoming Political Barriers to Technology-Led Economic Development
Chapter 78
Jonathan C. Comer, Amy K. Graham, Stacey R. Brown
Investment in transportation infrastructure is widely assumed to spur economic growth, a belief that persists among both the general public and... Sample PDF
Relating Transportation Quality Indicators to Economic Conditions in the South-Central U.S.
Chapter 79
Tan Kamil Gurer
Many metropolitan cities have been faced with sustainability issues at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The problems are related to... Sample PDF
A Theory for Sustainability of Townscape: Typomorphology
Chapter 80
Jacques Steyn
In this chapter I argue for a shift of paradigm in the field of ICT4D. Since the inception of aid for development in the late 1940s with the... Sample PDF
Paradigm Shift Required for ICT4D
Chapter 81
Luigia Petre, Kaisa Sere
Smart devices have pervaded our society and encouraged lifestyles that depend on them. One of the fundamental requirements for a successful... Sample PDF
Towards Sustainable Development of Energy-Aware Systems
Chapter 82
Sujeeva Setunge, Arun Kumar
Urban infrastructure along the hard forms such as roads, electricity, water and sewers also includes the soft forms such as research, training... Sample PDF
Knowledge Infrastructure: Managing the Assets of Creative Urban Regions
Chapter 83
Phil Heywood
Current rapid increases in the scope of regional development and the reach of technology have combined with the expanding scale of modern... Sample PDF
Planning Infrastructure: Considerations for Regional Development
Chapter 84
Robyn L. Keast, Douglas C. Baker, Kerry Brown
Ongoing financial, environmental and political adjustments have shifted the role of large international airports. Many airports are expanding from a... Sample PDF
Sustainable Airport Infrastructure: Balancing Infrastructures for the Airport Metropolis
Chapter 85
Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko
Due to increased cross-boundary flows of resources, local governments have become more concerned with global economic development. In this regard... Sample PDF
City 2.0 as a Platform for Global E-Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Chapter 86
Neeta Baporikar
Tourism industry is the largest industry world wide and is the main source of economic development of countries like Singapore, Bangkok and Dubai.... Sample PDF
Emerging Trends in Tourism Industry in Oman
Chapter 87
Patrizia Lombardi, Silvia Giordano, Andrea Caragliu, Chiara Del Bo, Mark Deakin, Peter Nijkamp, Karima Kourtit, Hend Farouh
The chapter demonstrates that the inclusion of the abovementioned relations in the analytical hierarchy framework is significant, as it allows, for... Sample PDF
An Advanced Triple-Helix Network Model for Smart Cities Performance
Chapter 88
Maria Alejandra Rocha Silva, Juan Contreras-Castillo, Ricardo Acosta-Díaz
Frequently, Mexicans who cannot find solutions for their financial problems migrate to the United States hoping to improve their quality of life.... Sample PDF
Using ICT to Foster Human Rights Defense Processes for Mexican Immigrants
Chapter 89
Dave Young, Nadine Pilon, Lawrence Brom
The complexity and volumes of the projected future traffic require very demanding air traffic management systems and operations, and the perspective... Sample PDF
Challenges Ahead for European Air Traffic
Chapter 90
Caroline Benton, Rémy Magnier-Watanabe, Harald Herrig, Olivier Aba
This paper outlines a real-life example of a course taught jointly by the MBA-IB program at the University of Tsukuba in Tokyo, Japan and the Master... Sample PDF
A Hybrid Style of E-Learning in MBA Education across Borders
Chapter 91
Alfred Kisubi, Chi Anyansi-Archibong, Ngozi C. Kamalu, Johnson A. Kamalu, Michael U. Adikwu
No nation can succeed economically without a strong and solid scientific educational base particularly in this era of knowledge economy. In many... Sample PDF
Emerging Technology Transfer, Economic Development and Policy in Africa