This chapter deals with the future of mobile technologies and applications in China. The effect of emerging technologies, especially mobile technologies, on the massive market of China cannot be ignored in the global context. This chapter gives the reader an insight into China’s mobile telecommunication industry today. The authors firstly relate statistics about China’s mobile business market including user and device analysis that helps in providing an understanding of mobile business in China. This analysis is followed by a description of the major mobile technologies employed in China and a brief view of the Chinese market’s status, followed by an insight into some newly rising industries which are potentially successful mobile sectors in China. Finally, a real life example is examined—that of M-Government Project in Gunagzhou, capital city of Guangdong Province.