Geographic Information and Library Education

Geographic Information and Library Education

John Abresch (University of South Florida Libraries, USA), Ardis Hanson (University of South Florida Libraries, USA) and Peter J. Rheeling (University of South Florida Libraries, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-726-3.ch009
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Abstract

“I invite all of you to become geographers, if not by vocation then by avocation. GIS is about thinking geographically. Beyond being an essential component of GIS, geography also opens new avenues of examining and analyzing the world around us. More importantly, it provides us with totally new appreciation of everyday life and the environment in which we live it” (DeMers, 1997, p. 199). This quote sets the tenor for this chapter, in which we examine the educational requirements for librarians in the provision of GIS services. Implementing GIS services in academic libraries and facilitating associated digital geospatial data collections can be a daunting task for the librarian assigned these duties. The technical knowledge and computer skill-sets alone involved in understanding how GIS software operates are accompanied with a high learning curve. The research literature emphasizes collaboration with academic departments with the expertise in using GIS software. This chapter will cover the types of services that GIS users need for a prototypical GIS literacy project and basic geographic literacy for librarians. It will examine competencies in academic librarianship and geographic information literacy and offer a sample curriculum that meets the needs of geolibraries, librarians, and their patrons. A brief discussion of preservice and in-service issues, such as mentoring and communities of practice, follows. The conclusion discusses implications for library science in the preparation of new librarians and the professional development of practicing librarians.

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Patrick McGlamery
Chapter 1
John Abresch, Ardis Hanson, Susan Jane Heron, Peter J. Reehling
There are many definitions of the study of geography. Most scholars define the discipline of geography as broadly concerned with the study of the... Sample PDF
Geography and Librarianship
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Chapter 2
John Abresch, Peter J. Reehling, Ardis Hanson
The recent socioeconomic trends, convergence of telecommunication technologies and the emergence of information as an integral component of the... Sample PDF
Information Economy and Geospatial Information
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Chapter 3
John Abresch, Peter J. Reehling, Ardis Hanson
The emergence, in recent years, of digital libraries and of Internet-based communication applications have led some researchers to propose that the... Sample PDF
Spatial Databases and Data Infrastructure
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Chapter 4
Ardis Hanson, Susan Jane Heron
To be optimally useful, geospatial resources must be described. This description is referred to as metadata. Metadata tells “who, what, where, when... Sample PDF
Describing Geospatial Information
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Chapter 5
Ardis Hanson, Susan Jane Heron
The preceding chapter discussed how geographic and cartographic materials are traditionally described in libraries. With the growth of geospatial... Sample PDF
From Print Formats to Digital: Describing GIS Data Standards
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Chapter 6
Ardis Hanson
With the creation of the Internet and the continued evolution of technologies in GIS, networking, and knowledge management, access to geospatial... Sample PDF
Accessibility: Critical GIS, Ontologies, and Semantics
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Chapter 7
Reference Services  (pages 175-201)
Ardis Hanson
Geographers often define the spatial parameters of different environments by integrating diverse data sets with locational coordinates to create an... Sample PDF
Reference Services
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Chapter 8
John Abresch, Ardis Hanson, Peter J. Rheeling
Among the most challenging aspects of GIS are identifying needs, acquiring resources, and managing the collection, a process that involves decision... Sample PDF
Collection Management Issues with Geospatial Information
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Chapter 9
John Abresch, Ardis Hanson, Peter J. Rheeling
“I invite all of you to become geographers, if not by vocation then by avocation. GIS is about thinking geographically. Beyond being an essential... Sample PDF
Geographic Information and Library Education
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Chapter 10
John Abresch, Ardis Hanson, Susan Jane Heron, Peter J. Rheeling
Geographic information is ubiquitous, from MapQuest in Google to the use of global positioning systems on PDAs and automobiles. More people use... Sample PDF
What the Future Holds: Trends in GIS and Academic Libraries
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About the Contributors