Method of Systems Potential as "Top-Bottom" Technique of the Complex Adaptive Systems Modelling

Method of Systems Potential as "Top-Bottom" Technique of the Complex Adaptive Systems Modelling

Gr gor S. Pushnoi (St. Petersburg, Russia) and Gordon L. Bonser (California, USA)
Copyright: © 2008 |Pages: 49
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-717-1.ch002
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Abstract

Emergent properties of complex adaptive systems (CAS) are explored by means of “agent-based modelling” (ABM), which are compared with results from modelling on the basis of the method of systems potential (MSP). MSP describes CAS as a holistic system whereas ABM-methodology considers CAS as set of interacting “agents.” It is argued that MSP is a “top-bottom” approach, which supplements ABM “bottom-up” modeling of CAS. Adaptive principles incorporated into CAS at the level of a holistic system exploit Lamarck’s ideas about evolution, while the adaptive rules incorporated in the inner structure of CAS reflect Darwin’s ideas. Both ABM and MSP exhibit the same macroscopic properties: (1) “punctuated equilibrium”; (2) sudden jumps in macro-indices; (3) cyclical dynamics; (4) superposition of deterministic and stochastic patterns in dynamics; (5) fractal properties of structure and dynamics; (6) SOC-phenomenon. ABM demonstrates these properties via simulations of the different models whereas MSP derives these phenomena analytically.

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Pascal Perez
Preface
Yin Shan, Ang Yang
Chapter 1
Steven E. Wallis
This chapter seeks to identify the core of complex adaptive systems (CAS) theory. To achieve this end, this chapter introduces innovative methods... Sample PDF
From Reductive to Robust: Seeking the Core of Complex Adaptive Systems Theory
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Chapter 2
Gr gor S. Pushnoi, Gordon L. Bonser
Emergent properties of complex adaptive systems (CAS) are explored by means of “agent-based modelling” (ABM), which are compared with results from... Sample PDF
Method of Systems Potential as "Top-Bottom" Technique of the Complex Adaptive Systems Modelling
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Chapter 3
David Cornforth, David G. Green
Modularity is ubiquitous in complex adaptive systems. Modules are clusters of components that interact with their environment as a single unit. They... Sample PDF
Modularity and Complex Adaptive Systems
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Chapter 4
Russell K. Standish
The term complexity is used informally both as a quality and as a quantity. As a quality, complexity has something to do with our ability to... Sample PDF
Concept and Definition of Complexity
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Chapter 5
Hrafn Thorri Thórisson
This chapter presents a theory of natural creativity and its relation to certain features of intelligence and cognitive faculties. To test the... Sample PDF
Emergence of Creativity: A Simulation Approach
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Chapter 6
Thomy Nilsson
Information bottlenecks are an inevitable consequence when a complex system adapts by increasing its information input. Input and output bottlenecks... Sample PDF
Solving the Sensory Information Bottleneck to Central Processing in Adaptive Systems
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Chapter 7
Kurt A. Richardson
In this supposed “information age,” a high premium is put on the widespread availability of information. Access to as much information as possible... Sample PDF
Complexity, Information, and Robustness: The Role of Information “Barriers” in Boolean Networks
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Chapter 8
G. S. Nitschke, M. C. Schut, A. E. Eiben
Specialization is observable in many complex adaptive systems and is thought by many to be a fundamental mechanism for achieving optimal efficiency... Sample PDF
Emergent Specialization in Biologically Inspired Collective Behavior Systems
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Chapter 9
Jean Lou Dessalles, Jacques Ferber, Denis Phan
This chapter provides a critical survey of emergence definitions both from a conceptual and formal standpoint. The notions of downward/backward... Sample PDF
Emergence in Agent-Based Computational Social Science: Conceptual, Formal, and Diagrammatic Analysis
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Chapter 10
Hayward R. Alker
Responding to a provocative question by Hiroharu Seki about Hiroshima ontologies, this chapter reviews related thinking about the ontological... Sample PDF
Ontological Reflections on Peace and War
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Chapter 11
Jason Potts, Kate Morrison, Joseph Clark
This chapter isolates a classic allocation problem in the substitution relation between two primary carriers of complex rules—agents and... Sample PDF
The Allocation of Complexity in Economic Systems
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