RFID and Assisted Living for the Elderly

RFID and Assisted Living for the Elderly

David Parry (Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand) and Judith Symonds (Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 18
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-298-5.ch007
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Radio-frequency Identification (RFID) offers a potentially flexible and low cost method of locating objects and tracking people within buildings. RFID systems generally require less infrastructure to be installed than other solutions but have their own limitations. As part of an assisted living system, RFID tools may be useful to locate lost objects, support blind and partially sighted people with daily living activities, and assist in the rehabilitation of adults with acquired brain injury. This chapter outlines the requirements and the role of RFID in assisting people in these three areas. The development of a prototype RFID home support tool is described and some of the issues and challenges raised are discussed. The system is designed to support assisted living for elderly and infirm people in a simple, usable and extensible way in particular for supporting the finding and identification of commonly used and lost objects such as spectacles. This approach can also be used to extend the tagged domain to commonly visited areas, and provide support for the analysis of common activities, and rehabilitation.
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1 Introduction

Assistive technology has been recognised as a vital component of care for the increasing numbers of elderly and chronically sick people in western countries who will require help to stay in their homes and carry out the activities of daily living(ADL) (UK Audit Commission, 2004). Therefore, there is a need for homes and the objects within them to become intelligent- that is to be able to actively assist their inhabitants. A further development has been the concept of ubiquitous nursing (u-nursing) (Honey et al., 2007). In this vision for 2020 the nurse is able to care for his or her patients assisted by an invisible ubiquitous web of sensors and information flows. Throughout the world there has been an increase in the occurrence of long term conditions (LTC), such as stroke, cancer, diabetes and heart disease, and hence an increase the importance of delivering effective care efficiently to sufferers. Both for quality of life issues and economic ones, care at home is becoming more important and is being studied intensively(Pare, Jaana, & Sicotte, 2007). The demographic shift of the population, from a generally young population, to that of one where the number of workers supporting each elderly person is much smaller, is becoming more visible, and many LTC’s are associated with increasing age. Data from Statistics New Zealand (Statistics New Zealand, 2005) based on the “medium” assumption of changes until 2051, estimates that by 2051 the percentage of the population aged 65 years and over will double from 12% to 26% .A similar scenario is happening in the UK where the number of people over the age of 65 has doubled since 1935 and today one fifth of the population is over 65 (Curry, Trejo Rinoco, & Wardle, 2002) Further, one in every five adults is reported to have some form of disability (Statistics New Zealand, 2006) with motor and cognitive disability being the most frequent. At the same time, the information flow between healthcare providers, patients and other stakeholders is being investigated as part of the Health Information Strategy action committee process, and being found to be wanting at present, and in need of improvement as part of an action area (Health Information Strategy Action Committee, 2007).

Thus, a pattern emerges whereby there is a convergence of requirements between the need to assist people to continue to live at home, an increasing need to treat chronic diseases and manage the information required for such processes, and to do so in the context of a holistic healthcare system. The vast majority of people needing such services are elderly although it should be emphasised that this need is not universal, and does not begin at any specific age.

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Olaf Diegel
Judith Symonds, John Ayoade, David Parry
Chapter 1
Chin Boo Soon
This chapter describes the history and development of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). Key information on RFID such as the ratification of the... Sample PDF
Radio Frequency Identification History and Development
Chapter 2
John Garofalakis, Christos Mettouris
The continuous evolution of wireless technologies has made them ideal for use in many different applications, including user positioning. Until now... Sample PDF
Using Bluetooth for Indoor User Positioning and Informing
Chapter 3
John Ayoade, Judith Symonds
Standards organisations such as EPC Global work to provide global compatibility between RFID readers and tags (EPCGlobal, 2007). This is essential... Sample PDF
RFID for Identification of Stolen/Lost Items
Chapter 4
Filippo Gandino, Erwing Ricardo Sanchez, Bartolomeo Montrucchio, Maurizio Rebaudengo
This chapter deals with the use of RFID technology for improving management and security of agri-food products. In order to protect health and to... Sample PDF
RFID Technology for Agri-Food Tracability Management
Chapter 5
Lena Mamykina, Elizabeth Mynatt
In the last decade, novel sensing technologies enabled development of applications that help individuals with chronic diseases monitor their health... Sample PDF
Interpreting Health and Wellness Information
Chapter 6
Bryan Houliston
Hospitals are traditionally slow to adopt new information systems (IS). However, health care funders and regulators are demanding greater use of IS... Sample PDF
RFID in Hospitals and Factors Restricting Adoption
Chapter 7
David Parry, Judith Symonds
Radio-frequency Identification (RFID) offers a potentially flexible and low cost method of locating objects and tracking people within buildings.... Sample PDF
RFID and Assisted Living for the Elderly
Chapter 8
Ashir Ahmed, Ly-Fie Sugianto
This chapter introduces an activity-based framework for the adoption of radio frequency identification (RFID) in emergency management. The framework... Sample PDF
RFID in Emergency Management
Chapter 9
Bin Shen, Yu-Jin Zhang
This chapter is concerned with online object tracking, which aims to locate a given object in each of the consecutive frames. Many algorithms have... Sample PDF
Subsequence-Wise Approach for Online Tracking
Chapter 10
John Ayoade
The aim of Fixed-Mobile Convergence (FMC) is to provide both fixed-line and mobile telephony services to users through the same handset which could... Sample PDF
From Fixed to Mobile Convergence
Chapter 11
Sarita Pais, Judith Symonds
RFID tags can store more data and can update this data through local processing. This is in contrast to the EPC global standard of data-on-network.... Sample PDF
Handling RFID Data Using a Data-on-Tag Approach
Chapter 12
Maryam Purvis, Toktam Ebadi, Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu
The objective of this research is to describe a mechanism to provide an improved library management system using RFID and agent technologies. One of... Sample PDF
An Agent-Based Library Management System Using RFID Technology
Chapter 13
Tommaso Di Noia, Eugenio Di Sciascio, Francesco Maria Donini, Michele Ruta, Floriano Scioscia, Eufemia Tinelli
We propose a novel object discovery framework integrating the application layer of Bluetooth and RFID standards. The approach is motivated and... Sample PDF
Semantic-Based Bluetooth-RFID Interaction for Advanced Resource Discovery in Pervasive Contexts
Chapter 14
Indranil Bose, Chun Wai Lam
Radio frequency identification (RFID) has generated vast amounts of interest in the supply chain, logistics, and the manufacturing area. RFID can be... Sample PDF
Facing the Challenges of RFID Data Management
Chapter 15
Masoud Mohammadian, Ric Jentzsch
The cost of health care continues to be a world wide issue. Research continues into ways and how the utilization of evolving technologies can be... Sample PDF
A Mobile Computing Framework for Passive RFID Detection System in Healthcare
Chapter 16
Masoud Mohammadian, Ric Jentzsch
When dealing with human lives, the need to utilize and apply the latest technology to help in saving and maintaining patients’ lives is quite... Sample PDF
Intelligent Agents Framework for RFID Hospitals
Chapter 17
David Wyld
We are in the midst of what may become one of the true technological transformations of our time. RFID (radio frequency identification) is by no... Sample PDF
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology
About the Contributors