This chapter will address the role of national culture on e-recruitment practices in India and Mexico. The GLOBE (Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness) cultural study on 61 countries will be used to discuss the role of cultural dimensions on e-recruitment practices in these two countries. The chapter will also discuss the beginnings of e-recruitment trends in India and Mexico, challenges of e-recruitment for United States multinationals, national culture profile, and implications for multinational managers. This conceptual chapter will provide hypotheses for the cultural dimensions discussed. Specifically, this study will address the role of power-distance, in-group collectivism, gender egalitarianism and uncertainty-avoidance on e-recruitment practices.
E-HRM (electronic human resource management) is the process of using online technology for human resource management activities, such as recruitment, training, performance appraisal and benefits. E-recruitment is maintaining the entire recruitment process online-right from placing the job advertisements to receiving the resumes and communicating back to potential applicants (Othman & Musa, 2007; Rudich, 2000).
E-recruitment can either be in the form of corporate or third-party recruiters. Corporate recruiters allow potential job applicants to post their resumes directly on their job sites without using any other intermediaries. Statistics reveal that 80% of the world’s US 500 companies use corporate websites for recruiting (Epstein & Singh, 2003). Third-party recruiters, such as Monster.com, are synonymous to job advertisement pages of the newspapers identifying thousands of employment vacancies (Epstein & Singh, 2003). They usually charge employers a cost for posting their advertisements for certain duration of time (Tong, & Sivanand, 2005). Usually third party recruiters and corporate recruiters collaborate together to provide best recruitment and career solutions to potential applicants (Pollit, 2005; Mollsion, 2001). The goal of this paper is to discuss the role of national culture on e-recruitment practices in emerging economies like India and Mexico as multinationals seek to establish a strong presence in these countries (Friedman, 2005).
Multinationals are proactively seeking the best talent worldwide. The method of online recruiting allows organizations to transcend geographical boundaries from Monterrey to Mumbai seeking the best in human capital (Birchfield, 2002). E-recruitment has several other advantages; such as its low cost (Rudich, 2000; Galanaki, 2002), quick response time (Hays, 1999), broad range of applicants (Sessa and Taylor, 2000), more educated applicants (Othman & Musa, 2007), and of course worldwide accessibility (Galanaki, 2002; Vinutha 2005). Specifically, it has demonstrated a shorter recruitment cycle and lower cost-per-hire (Sridhar, 2005; Jasrotia, 200; Pollitt, 2005). For instance, Nike has demonstrated with the use of e-recruitment the average time to fill job positions reduced from 62 to 42 days and the recruitment costs reduced by 54% (Pollitt, 2005). From the employees’ perspective, it has made the recruitment process a very proactive one – now passive applicants post their resumes online in anticipation of an interview (Mollison, 2001).
Further, online recruitment allows applicants the luxury of accessing jobs online at their own convenience 24 hours 7 days a week. It provides the comfort of scrutinizing jobs without physically going through the stress of an interview. Finally, it allows applicants to get a thorough understanding of the organization and its culture before joining the organization (Vinutha, 2005).
Key Terms in this Chapter
Digital Divide: A split between people who have access to the Internet and people who do not have access to the Internet due to economical and technological reasons.
Contribution Conflict: A conflict that occurs when group members’ core work values contradicts with IT application (such as e-recruitment)
System Conflict: A conflict occurs when an IT application (such as e-recruitment) brings cultural differences to the vanguard.
E-Recruitment: The complete automation of the recruitment process whereby applications and resumes are screened online.
Naukri.com: An employment website in India that means “job” in the Indian national language, Hindi.
Vision Conflict: A conflict that occurs when the group’s values about technology conflicts with the actual values of the IT application (such as e-recruitment).
Internet Penetration: Indicates the percentage of internet users in any country.