Structured Content and Connectivity of Medical Information - The Medical Data Web

Structured Content and Connectivity of Medical Information - The Medical Data Web

Walter Fierz (Institute for Clinical Microbiology and Immunology, Switzerland)
Copyright: © 2002 |Pages: 29
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-930708-13-6.ch012
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Abstract

To a large extent, medicine is an information-processing endeavor. It is all the more surprising, therefore, that computer technology has not yet developed very far in successfully supporting this activity. The areas where computer support is most advanced in medicine are signal processing and ‘data’1 generation, as well as in the administrative domain. However, the huge area that encompasses the main part of the physician’s clinical activity has only marginally been touched upon by information-processing systems. The reason for this might well lie with the problem that medical ‘information’ is mainly a matter of connecting pieces of data together. The sheer complexity of these connections is, however, beyond classical database technology. The best and easiest way to express such complex information has been written (and spoken) text, until now. A long tradition of how written medical reports are formulated and stored in patient records and how scientific reports are published in medical journals has been built up.

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Table of Contents
Preface
Rolf Grütter
Chapter 1
Katarina Stanoevska-Slabeva
Knowledge is the internal state of humans that results from the input and processing of information during learning and performing tasks. According... Sample PDF
The Concept of Knowledge Media: The Past and Future
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Chapter 2
Giordano Lanzola, Harold Boley
The present paper reports on our experience with applying RELFUN (Boley, 1999) to problems in distributed medical care. This application arose... Sample PDF
Experience with a Functional-Logic Multi-Agent Architecture for Medical Problem Solving
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Chapter 3
Harold Boley
The simplicity of Web-based data exchange is beneficial for nonformal, semiformal and formal documents. For formal specifications and programs the... Sample PDF
Cross-Fertilizing Logic Programming and XML for Knowledge Representation
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Chapter 4
Hans Rudolf Straub
EDP stands for electronic data processing. Data bear imminent information–but what kind of information? The question becomes particularly apparent... Sample PDF
Four Different Types of Classification Models
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Chapter 5
Markus Wagner
The main concern of healthcare management has ever been embodied by two conflicting goals. These are improving care quality while reducing care... Sample PDF
Towards Improved Representation and Communication of Pharmaceutical Expert Information
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Chapter 6
Epaminondas Kapetanios
A large part of all activities in healthcare deals with decision making regarding which examinations and tests need to be done or, on the basis of... Sample PDF
A Semantically Advanced Querying Methodology for Medical Knowledge and Decision Support
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Chapter 7
Konstantin Knorr, Susanne Rohrig
In healthcare a lot of data are generated that in turn will have to be accessed from several departments of a hospital. The information kept within... Sample PDF
Towards a Secure Web-Based Healthcare Application
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Chapter 8
Ulrich Ultes-Nitsche, Stephanie Teufel
In Holbein et al. (1997) and previous papers (Holbein & Teufel, 1995; Holbein et al., 1996), the concept of a context-dependent access control has... Sample PDF
Secure Internet Access to Medical Data
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Chapter 9
Allen F. Shaughnessy, David C. Slawson, Joachim E. Fischer
The days when newly graduated doctors were well equipped with the knowledge and information they would need during a lifetime are long since gone.... Sample PDF
Poems in the Information Jungle - How Do Physicians Survive?
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Chapter 10
Kahild S. Khan, Lucas M. Bachmann, Johann Steurer
The information base for healthcare is rapidly expanding. There are more than 20,000 biomedical journals. Approximately 17,000 new biomedical books... Sample PDF
The Medical Journal Club - A Tool for Knowledge Refinement and Transfer in Healthcare
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Chapter 11
Daniel L. Moody, Graeme G. Shanks
This paper describes a successful knowledge management project in one of Australia’s state health departments. The objective of the project was to... Sample PDF
Using On-Line Medical Knowledge to Support Evidence-Based Practice: A Case Study of a Successful Knowledge Management Project
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Chapter 12
Walter Fierz
To a large extent, medicine is an information-processing endeavor. It is all the more surprising, therefore, that computer technology has not yet... Sample PDF
Structured Content and Connectivity of Medical Information - The Medical Data Web
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Chapter 13
Steffen Staab, Michael Erdmann, Alexander Maedche, Stefan Decker
The development of the World Wide Web is about to mature from a technical platform that allows for the transportation of information from sources to... Sample PDF
An Extensible Approach for Modeling Ontologies in RDF(S)
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Chapter 14
Rolf Grutter, Claus Eikemeier, Johann Steurer
It is the vision of the protagonists of the Semantic Web to achieve “a set of connected applications for data on the Web in such a way as to form a... Sample PDF
Towards a Semantic Web of Evidence-Based Medical Information
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About the Authors