This chapter is written to provide a framework for understanding perspectives on technology literacy and how it might be taught in the K-12 setting. Numerous U.S. governmental reports, initiatives, definitions, and professional standards are reviewed. Though there are many fields interested in technological literacy, the argument is made that technology educators may prove to be an excellent resource in meeting the challenge of creating a technologically literate citizenry. A case study of exemplary practice is introduced as a point of investigating how one technology teacher is being successful in teaching technological literacy. It is up to the reader and all those concerned with technological literacy to continue to evaluate and search for best teaching practices for teaching technological literacy in K-12 schools.